Reductions in Specific First Memories in Depression: Influences of Distraction, Referential Set and Cue Word Valence on First Memory Retrieval

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Title: Reductions in Specific First Memories in Depression: Influences of Distraction, Referential Set and Cue Word Valence on First Memory Retrieval
Authors: Riggs, Emma
Carr, Alan
Bogue, John
Dooley, Barbara A.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5516
Date: 2005
Abstract: This study examined the association between depression and autobiographical memory deficits. Sp e cifically, it evaluate d the impact of depression, complexity of a distraction task, self - or other - referential set and positive or negative cue - word valence on the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories . A sample of 24 depressed women and 24 matched controls completed the Autobiographical Memory T ask (AMT) before and after either a high - or low - complexity distraction task. Compared with the control group, the depressed group retrieved fewer specific first memories and had longer retrieval latencies for these. In the self - referential condition this pattern was more pronounced than in the other - referential condition. This suggests that depression is associated with a particular vulnerability in recalling specific self - referential memories. Distraction task complexity and cue - word valence did not affect AMT performance.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Copyright (published version): 2005 Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Keywords: Depression;Autobiographical memory;AMT
DOI: 10.1080/03033910.2005.10446219
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

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