Signalling over a distance: gradient patterns and phosphorylation waves within single cells

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Title: Signalling over a distance: gradient patterns and phosphorylation waves within single cells
Authors: Muñoz-García, JavierKholodenko, Boris N.
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Date: 1-Oct-2010
Online since: 2014-05-02T08:51:23Z
Abstract: Recent discoveries of phosphorylation gradients and microdomains with different protein activities have revolutionized our perception of information transfer within single cells. The different spatial localization of opposing reactions in protein-modification cycles has been shown to bring about heterogeneous stationary patterns and travelling waves of protein activities. We review spatial patterns and modes of signal transfer through phosphorylation/dephosphorylation and GDP/GTP exchange cycles and cascades. We show how switches between low-activity and high-activity states in a bistable activation–deactivation cycle can initiate the propagation of travelling protein-modification waves in the cytoplasm. Typically, an activation wave is initiated at the plasma membrane and propagates through the cytoplasm until it reaches the nucleus. An increase in deactivator activity is followed by the initiation of an inactivation wave that moves in the reverse direction from the nucleus. We show that the ratio of opposing enzyme rates is a key parameter that controls both the spread of activation through cascades and travelling waves.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Portland Press
Journal: Biochemical Society Transactions
Volume: 38
Issue: 5
Copyright (published version): 2010 Portland Press
Keywords: gradient patternGTPase-activating protein (GAP)guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor (GEF)phosphorylation wavesignalling
DOI: 10.1042/BST0381235
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Conway Institute Research Collection
SBI Research Collection

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