Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Regulates RhoA Activation and Tumor Cell Plasticity by Inhibiting Guanine Exchange Factor H1 Activity
|Title:||Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Regulates RhoA Activation and Tumor Cell Plasticity by Inhibiting Guanine Exchange Factor H1 Activity||Authors:||Thun, A. von
|Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5595||Date:||16-Sep-2013||Online since:||2014-05-02T09:29:13Z||Abstract:||In certain Ras mutant cell lines, the inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling increases RhoA activity and inhibits cell motility, which was attributed to a decrease in Fra-1 levels. Here we report a Fra-1-independent augmentation of RhoA signaling during short-term inhibition of ERK signaling. Using mass spectrometry-based proteomics, we identified guanine exchange factor H1 (GEF-H1) as mediating this effect. ERK binds to the Rho exchange factor GEF-H1 and phosphorylates it on S959, causing inhibition of GEF-H1 activity and a consequent decrease in RhoA activity. Knockdown experiments and expression of a nonphosphorylatable S959A GEF-H1 mutant showed that this site is crucial in regulating cell motility and invasiveness. Thus, we identified GEF-H1 as a critical ERK effector that regulates motility, cell morphology, and invasiveness.||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology||Journal:||Molecular and Cellular Biology||Volume:||33||Issue:||22||Start page:||4526||End page:||4537||Copyright (published version):||2013 American Society for Microbiology||Keywords:||ERK signalling; RhoA signalling; GEF-H1||DOI:||10.1128/MCB.00585-13||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Conway Institute Research Collection|
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