Origin of spurious single forces in the course mechanism of volcanic seismicity

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Title: Origin of spurious single forces in the course mechanism of volcanic seismicity
Authors: De Barros, Louis
Lokmer, Ivan
Bean, Christopher J.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5682
Date: 15-Jul-2013
Online since: 2014-07-02T13:35:20Z
Abstract: Single forces are often observed in the source mechanism of volcanic seismicity. However, their underlying causative processes are still doubtful. The reliability of single force observations must be assessed, prior to analyzing them in terms of physical mechanisms. Using numerical examples, we show that source mislocation and velocity mismodeling lead to strong spurious single forces. Layering in the velocity model produces converted S-waves and source mislocations modify the wavefield at the free surface (mainly through converted S- and surface waves). However, these waves can also be accurately reproduced in a homogeneous model by adding a vertical single force in the source mechanism, which mainly generates S-waves for large take-off angles. Hence approximate velocity models can lead to the appearance of strong single forces in source inversions. We conclude that, in moment tensor inversion, while single forces can be used in some cases to accommodate mismodeling errors, they cannot be reliably used to infer physical processes.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Volume: 262
Issue: 15 July 2013
Start page: 1
End page: 6
Copyright (published version): 2013 Elsevier
Keywords: Volcano seismicitySource mechanismSingle forcesMoment tensor inversion
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2013.06.006
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Earth Sciences Research Collection

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