Personality disorder, depression and functioning: results from the ODIN study

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCasey, Patricia R.-
dc.contributor.authorBirbeck, Gail-
dc.contributor.authorMcDonagh, Catherine-
dc.contributor.authoret al.- Elsevieren
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Affective Disordersen
dc.description.abstractBackground: There is little information of the prevalence of personality disorder (PD) in those with depressive disorder in community samples; neither is there any data on the impact of PD on service utilisation or outcome in this setting. Methods: A two stage screening study to identify cases of depressive disorder using SCAN in five European countries. Personality assessed 6 months after the diagnostic interview. Follow-up for 1 year using symptom and social function measures. Results: Personality disorder is present in 22% of a community sample with depressive disorders but the range varied from 13.7% to 33.3% across countries. Cluster C formed 43% of the total. Long-term psychotropic drug use was more common in the PD group even after depression was controlled. Those with PD had higher symptom scores at the outset and, although the PD group was more likely to be cases at follow-up, this disappeared when the depression score was co-varied. Only initial social function predicted outcome at 6 and 12 months. Limitations: The use of a non-treatment seeking population may limit the application of the findings to clinical populations. Conclusions: PD is common even in a non-treatment seeking population with depressive disorder. It impacts upon outcome at 6 and 12 months but this is related to the initial severity of depressed mood. Social function is the only independent predictor of outcome and should be assessed separately.en
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Commissionen
dc.rightsThis is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Affective Disorders. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Affective Disorders (VOL 82, ISSUE 2, (2004)) DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2003.11.009en
dc.subjectPersonality disorderen
dc.subjectSocial functionen
dc.subjectDepressive disordersen
dc.titlePersonality disorder, depression and functioning: results from the ODIN studyen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.internal.availabilityFull text availableen
dc.statusPeer revieweden
dc.neeo.contributorCasey|Patricia R.|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributoret al.||aut|-
dc.description.othersponsorshipEnglish National Health Service Executive North West Research and Development Officeen
dc.description.othersponsorshipWelsh Office of Research and Developmenten
dc.description.othersponsorshipNorwegian Research Council, Council for Mental Health and Department of Health and Social Welfareen
dc.description.othersponsorshipFinnish Pensions Institute of Agricultural Entrepreneursen
dc.description.othersponsorshipUniversity Central Hospital of Turkuen
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