Tuberculosis in alpaca (Lama pacos) on a farm in Ireland. 1. A clinical report

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Title: Tuberculosis in alpaca (Lama pacos) on a farm in Ireland. 1. A clinical report
Authors: Ryan, Eoin Gerard
Dwyer, P. J.
Connolly, D. J.
et al.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5752
Date: 2008
Abstract: This case report describes tuberculosis (TB) due to infection with Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) in alpaca (Lama pacos) on a farm in Ireland. Two severely debilitated alpaca were presented to the University Veterinary Hospital, University College Dublin in November 2004. Bloods were taken, and haematology and biochemistry results were indicative of chronic infection. Radiological examination showed evidence of diffuse granulomatous pneumonia suggestive of tuberculosis. On necropsy there were granulomatous lesions present throughout many body organs including lung, liver, kidney, intestine as well on peritoneum and mesentery. Culture of acid-fast bacilli from lesions led to a diagnosis of tuberculosis due to M. bovis. The use of intradermal skin testing proved inefficient and unreliable for ante mortem diagnosis of tuberculosis in alpaca. Infection due to M. bovis should be considered among the differential diagnoses of debilitating diseases in alpaca, particularly those farmed in areas known to be traditional black spots for tuberculosis in cattle.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Copyright (published version): 2008 the author(s)
Keywords: Albumin;Alpaca;Bovine tuberculosis;Clinical examination;Diagnosis;Granulomatous pneumonia;Intradermal skin testing;Lama pacos;Lymphocyte proliferation assay;Mycobacterium bovis;Necropsy;Radiological examination
DOI: 10.1186/2046-0481-61-8-527
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Veterinary Medicine Research Collection
CVERA Research Collection

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