Direct and indirect effects of johne's disease on farm and animal productivity in an irish dairy herd

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Title: Direct and indirect effects of johne's disease on farm and animal productivity in an irish dairy herd
Authors: Richardson, E. K. B.
More, Simon John
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5755
Date: 2009
Abstract: Johne's disease (JD) is caused by infection with the organism Mycobacterium avium spp. paratuberculosis, leading to chronic diarrhoea and ill thrift in adult cattle. JD is considered to adversely affect farm performance and profitability. This retrospective case study was undertaken on a single commercial dairy herd in the south west of Ireland. Animal production records were interrogated to assess the effect of JD on milk yield (total kg per lactation), somatic cell count (the geometric mean over the lactation), reasons for culling, cull price and changes in herd parity structure over time. JD groups were defined using clinical signs and test results. One control animal was matched to each case animal on parity number and year. Specific lactations (clinical, pre-clinical and test-positive only) from 1994 to 2004 were compared between JD case and control cows. A significantly lower milk yield (1259.3 kg/lactation) was noted from cows with clinical JD in comparison to their matched control group. Clinical animals had an average cull price of €516 less than animals culled without signs of clinical disease. In contrast, little effect was noted for sub-clinical infections. These direct effects of JD infections, in combination with increased culling for infertility and increasing replacement rates, had a negative impact on farm production. Results from this study provide preliminary information regarding the effects of JD status on both herd and animal-level performance in Ireland.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Copyright (published version): 2009 the author(s)
Keywords: Clinical symtoms;Culling;Dairy cows;Disease impacts;Johne's Disease;Milk yield
DOI: 10.1186/2046-0481-62-8-526
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Veterinary Medicine Research Collection
CVERA Research Collection

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