Estimating the influence of neckform compliance on brain tissue strain during a Helmeted impact
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|Title:||Estimating the influence of neckform compliance on brain tissue strain during a Helmeted impact||Authors:||Rousseau, Philippe
Hoshizaki, Thomas Blaine
Gilchrist, M. D.
|Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5899||Date:||Nov-2010||Online since:||2014-10-17T03:00:09Z||Abstract:||The aim of this study was to determine if a change in neckform compliance could influence maximum principal strain in the brain white and grey matter, the brain stem and the cerebellum. This was done by impacting a Hybrid III headform with a 16.6 kg impactor arm at 5 m/s. Three different Hybrid III neckforms were used: 1) one 50th percentile male neckform - standard neckform; 2) one 50th percentile male neckform plus 30 per cent compliance - soft neckform; 3) one 50th percentile male neckform minus 30 per cent compliance - stiff neckform. The kinematic data obtained was then used to drive a finite element model developed by University College Dublin. The results showed that a decrease in neckform compliance had a significant effect on maximal principal strain in the cerebellum, where the stiff neck (0.050 ± 0.004) generated higher maximum principal strains than the standard neck (0.036 ± 0.003) and the soft neck (0.037 ± 0.001). There were no significant differences between the stiff (0.122 ± 0.013), standard (0.114 ± 0.020) and soft neck (0.119 ± 0.019) in the white matter; the stiff (0.168 ± 0.011), standard (0.176 ± 0.011) and soft neck (0.176 ± 0.007) in the grey matter; or the stiff (0.080 ± 0.003), standard (0.081 ± 0.006) and soft neck (0.085 ± 0.009) in the brain stem. The results were not linked to brain injury due to the absence of a commonly accepted threshold.||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Society of Automotive Engineers||Journal:||Stapp Car Crash Journal||Volume:||54||Start page:||37||End page:||48||Copyright (published version):||2010 Society of Automotive Engineers||Keywords:||Impact biomechanics; Brain injury; Finite element; Maximal principal strain||Other versions:||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21516523||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection|
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