Between contact and internal development: Towards a multi-layered explanation for the development of the TMA system in the creoles of Suriname

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Title: Between contact and internal development: Towards a multi-layered explanation for the development of the TMA system in the creoles of Suriname
Authors: Migge, Bettina
Goury, Laurence
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/6022
Date: Aug-2008
Abstract: This paper proposes a new analysis of the formation of the TMA system of the Surinamese Maroon Creoles based on a wide range of both contemporary and historical sources. The paper first provides a brief synopsis of the socio-historical context in which the Creoles of Suriname emerged and developed, and a broad overview of the TMA systems of those Creoles and of varieties of Gbe. It then discusses four processes that were involved in the emergence of the creole TMA system: substrate influence, internal change from a substrate calque, superstrate influence, and shift of form and category correlated with innovation. The paper then concludes that Creole formation is to be considered as a gradual and multi-layered process (Arends 1993, Bruyn 1995), involving processes of language change that also operate in other so-called normal contact settings (Thomason & Kaufman 1988).
Type of material: Book Chapter
Publisher: John Benjamins
Keywords: Suriname creoles;Gbe;Substrate influence;TMA
DOI: 10.1075/cll.33
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Is part of: Michaelis, M. (eds.). Roots of Creole Structure: Weighing the Contribution of Substrates and Superstrates
Appears in Collections:Languages, Cultures and Linguistics Research Collection

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