Empirical mode decomposition of the acceleration response of a prismatic beam subject to a moving load to Identify multiple damage locations

Title: Empirical mode decomposition of the acceleration response of a prismatic beam subject to a moving load to Identify multiple damage locations
Authors: Meredith, Jill
González, Arturo
Hester, David
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/6180
Date: Jun-2012
Abstract: Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) is a technique that converts the measured signal into a number of basic functions known as intrinsic mode functions. The EMD-based damage detection algorithm relies on the principle that a sudden loss of stiffness in a structural member will cause a discontinuity in the measured response that can be detected through a distinctive spike in the filtered intrinsic mode function. Recent studies have shown that applying EMD to the acceleration response, due to the crossing of a constant load over a beam finite element model, can be used to detect a single damaged location. In this paper, the technique is further tested using the response of a discretized finite element beam with multiple damaged sections modeled as localized losses of stiffness. The ability of the algorithm to detect more than one damaged section is analysed for a variety of scenarios including a range of bridge lengths, speeds of the moving load and noise levels. The use of a moving average filter on the acceleration response, prior to applying EMD, is shown to improve the sensitivity to damage. The influence of the number of measurement points and their distance to the damaged sections on the accuracy of the predicted damage is also discussed.
Funding Details: Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Hindawi
Copyright (published version): 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Keywords: Vibration-based analysisEmpirical mode decompositionDamage detectionSignal decomposition
DOI: 10.3233/SAV-2012-0693
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering Research Collection

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