A practical eco-environmental distribution network planning model including fuel cells and non-renewable distributed energy resources

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Title: A practical eco-environmental distribution network planning model including fuel cells and non-renewable distributed energy resources
Authors: Soroudi, Alireza
Ehsan, Mehdi
Zareipour, Hamidreza
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/6209
Date: Jan-2011
Abstract: This paper presents a long-term dynamic multi-objective planning model for distribution network expansion along with distributed energy options. The proposed model optimizes two objectives, namely costs and emissions and determines the optimal schemes of sizing, placement and specially the dynamics (i.e., timing) of investments on distributed generation units and network reinforcements over the planning period. An efficient two-stage heuristic method is proposed to solve the formulated planning problem. The effectiveness of the proposed model is demonstrated by applying it to a distribution network and comparing the simulation results with other methods and models.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright (published version): 2010 Elsevier
Keywords: Distributed generation;Immune algorithm;NSGA-II;Dynamic planning;Multi-objective optimization
DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2010.06.019
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Electrical and Electronic Engineering Research Collection

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