The Virtual Axle concept for detection of localised damage using Bridge Weigh-in-Motion data

Title: The Virtual Axle concept for detection of localised damage using Bridge Weigh-in-Motion data
Authors: Cantero, Daniel
Karoumi, Raid
González, Arturo
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Date: 15-Apr-2015
Online since: 2017-04-15T01:00:11Z
Abstract: This paper proposes a new level I damage identification method for short span statically indeterminate bridges using the information provided by a Bridge Weigh-in-Motion system. Bridge Weigh-In-Motion systems measure the bridge deformation due to the crossing of traffic to estimate traffic attributes, namely axle weights and distances between axles for each vehicle. It is theoretically shown that it is convenient to introduce a fictitious weightless axle, which has been termed 'Virtual Axle', in the Bridge Weigh-in-Motion calculations to derive a damage indicator. The latter can be used both as a new robust output-only model-free level I structural health monitoring technique and as a new self-calibration method for Bridge Weigh-In-Motion systems. The response of a fixed-fixed beam traversed by a 2-axle vehicle travelling over an irregular profile is used to validate the proposed method. By means of Monte Carlo simulation the influence of the key parameters such as the degree and location of damage, noise levels, span lengths and profile irregularities on the accuracy of the method are investigated. The results show that the 'Virtual Axle' method is able to detect small local damages in statically indeterminate structures.
Funding Details: European Commission - Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Engineering Structures
Volume: 89
Start page: 26
End page: 36
Copyright (published version): 2015 Elsevier
Keywords: Virtual axleBridge Weigh-In-MotionStructural Health MonitoringVehicle-Bridge interactionMonte CarloFinite element
DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2015.02.001
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering Research Collection

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