Footprint caused by a vehicle configuration on the dynamic amplification of the bridge response

Title: Footprint caused by a vehicle configuration on the dynamic amplification of the bridge response
Authors: Mohammed, Omar
González, Arturo
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Date: Aug-2015
Abstract: The passage of a vehicle over a bridge leaves a unique footprint in the form of measured strains (or displacements) across the structure. This paper proposes a new level I damage detection method for short-span bridges using footprints of Dynamic Amplification Factor (DAF) versus vehicle speed. The total response of a bridge to a moving load is timevarying, and it can be assumed to be made of two components: 'static' and 'dynamic'. Here, DAF is defined as the ratio of the maximum total response to the maximum 'static' component. For a given bridge, DAF patterns will vary with vehicle configuration. However, for a vehicle configuration (or a number of them), the mean DAF pattern measured on the bridge will remain unaltered unless the conditions of the bridge changed. The latter is the subject of investigation in this paper. In order to test the feasibility of using these patterns for monitoring purposes, damage is simulated within a bridge model as stiffness losses of 10% and 30% at mid-span. Changes in stiffness are identified by differences between DAF patterns corresponding to the healthy and damaged bridges. Results show to be more sensitive to damage than a traditional level I damage detection method based on variation of natural frequencies.
Type of material: Conference Publication
Keywords: Dynamic amplificationDamage detectionBridgesMoving loads
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Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Conference Details: 11th International Conference on Damage Assessment of Structures (DAMAS 2015), Ghent, Belgium, August, 2015
Appears in Collections:Critical Infrastructure Group Research Collection
Earth Institute Research Collection
Civil Engineering Research Collection

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