The more the merrier? The effect of family composition on children's education

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dc.contributor.authorDevereux, Paul J.-
dc.contributor.authorBlack, Sandra E.-
dc.contributor.authorSalvanes, Kjell G.- Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 2004en
dc.description.abstractAmong the perceived inputs in the “production” of child quality is family size; there is an extensive theoretical literature that postulates a tradeoff between child quantity and quality within a family. However, there is little causal evidence that speaks to this theory. Our analysis is able to overcome many limitations of the previous literature by using a rich dataset that contains information on the entire population of Norway over an extended period of time and allows us to match adult children to their parents and siblings. In addition, we use exogenous variation in family size induced by the birth of twins to isolate causation. Like most previous studies, we find a negative correlation between family size and children’s educational attainment. However, when we include indicators for birth order, the effect of family size becomes negligible. This finding is robust to the use of twin births as an instrument for family size. In addition, we find that birth order has a significant and large effect on children’s education; children born later in the family obtain less education. These findings suggest the need to revisit economic models of fertility and child “production”, focusing not only on differences across families but differences within families as well.en
dc.format.extent4304 bytes-
dc.publisherInstitute for the Study of Laboren
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Paper Seriesen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesNo. 1269en
dc.relation.uriThe more the merrier? The effect of family size and birth order on children's education (May 2005)en
dc.subjectBirth orderen
dc.subjectFamily sizeen
dc.subject.lcshFamily sizeen
dc.subject.lcshBirth orderen
dc.subject.lcshEducational attainment--Norwayen
dc.titleThe more the merrier? The effect of family composition on children's educationen
dc.typeWorking Paperen
dc.internal.authorurlPaul J. Devereux (web page)en
dc.internal.availabilityFull text availableen
dc.statusNot peer revieweden
dc.neeo.contributorDevereux|Paul J.|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorBlack|Sandra E.|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorSalvanes|Kjell G.|aut|-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
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