Forced to be rich? Returns to compulsory schooling in Britain

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Title: Forced to be rich? Returns to compulsory schooling in Britain
Authors: Devereux, Paul J.
Hart, Robert A.
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Date: Jan-2008
Online since: 2008-12-11T16:17:41Z
Abstract: Do students benefit from compulsory schooling? Researchers using changes in compulsory schooling laws as instruments have typically estimated very high returns to additional schooling that are greater than the corresponding OLS estimates and concluded that the group of individuals who are influenced by the law change have particularly high returns to education. That is, the Local Average Treatment Effect (LATE) is larger than the average treatment effect (ATE). However, studies of a 1947 British compulsory schooling law change that impacted about half the relevant population have also found very high instrumental variables returns to schooling (about 15%), suggesting that the ATE of schooling is also very high and higher than OLS estimates suggest. We utilize the New Earnings Survey Panel Data-set (NESPD), that has superior earnings information compared to the datasets previously used and find instrumental variable estimates that are small and much lower than OLS. In fact, there is no evidence of any positive return for women and the return for men is in the 4-7% range. These estimates provide no evidence that the ATE of schooling is very high.
Funding Details: National Science Foundation
Type of material: Working Paper
Publisher: Institute for the Study of Labor
Series/Report no.: IZA Discussion Paper Series; No. 3305
Copyright (published version): The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 2008
Keywords: Compulsory schoolingReturn to education
Subject LCSH: Education, Compulsory--Great Britain
Wages--Effect of education on
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Language: en
Status of Item: Not peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Geary Institute Working Papers
Economics Research Collection

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