An evaluation of in-plane shields during thoracic CT

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Title: An evaluation of in-plane shields during thoracic CT
Authors: Foley, Shane J.
McEntee, Mark F.
Rainford, Louise A.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/7487
Date: Aug-2013
Abstract: The object of this study was to compare organ dose and image quality effects of using bismuth and barium vinyl in-plane shields with standard and low tube current thoracic CT protocols. A RANDO phantom was scanned using a 64-slice CT scanner and three different thoracic protocols. Thermoluminescent dosemeters were positioned in six locations to record surface and absorbed breast and lung doses. Image quality was assessed quantitatively using region of interest measurements.Scanning was repeated using bismuth and barium vinyl in-plane shields to cover the breasts and the results were compared with standard and reduced dose protocols. Dose reductions were most evident in the breast, skin and anterior lung when shielding was used, with mean reductions of 34, 33 and 10 % for bismuth and 23, 18 and 11 % for barium, respectively. Bismuth was associated with significant increases in both noise and CT attenuation values for all the three protocols, especial-ly anteriorly and centrally. Barium shielding had a reduced impact on image quality. Reducing the overall tube current reduced doses in all the locations by 20-27% with similar increases in noise as shielding, without impacting on attenuation values. Reducing the overall tube current best optimises dose with minimal image quality impact. In-plane shields increase noise and attenuation values, while reducing anterior organ doses primarily. Shielding remains a useful optimisation tool in CT and barium is an effective alternative to bismuth especially when image quality is of concern.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Copyright (published version): 2013 the Authors
Keywords: Computed tomography (CT);Radiation dosage;Radiation protection;Barium shielding;Bismuth shielding
DOI: 10.1093/rpd/nct030
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Medicine Research Collection

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