Identification of sudden stiffness changes in the acceleration response of a bridge to moving loads using ensemble empirical mode decomposition

Title: Identification of sudden stiffness changes in the acceleration response of a bridge to moving loads using ensemble empirical mode decomposition
Authors: Aied, Hussein
González, Arturo
Cantero, Daniel
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Date: Jan-2016
Abstract: The growth of heavy traffic together with aggressive environmental loads poses a threat to the safety of an aging bridge stock. Often, damage is only detected via visual inspection at a point when repairing costs can be quite significant. Ideally, bridge managers would want to identify a stiffness change as soon as possible, i.e., as it is occurring, to plan for prompt measures before reaching a prohibitive cost. Recent developments in signal processing techniques such as wavelet analysis and empirical mode decomposition (EMD) have aimed to address this need by identifying a stiffness change from a localised feature in the structural response to traffic. However, the effectiveness of these techniques is limited by the roughness of the road profile, the vehicle speed and the noise level. In this paper, ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) is applied by the first time to the acceleration response of a bridge model to a moving load with the purpose of capturing sudden stiffness changes. EEMD is more adaptive and appears to be better suited to non-linear signals than wavelets, and it reduces the mode mixing problem present in EMD. EEMD is tested in a variety of theoretical 3D vehicle–bridge interaction scenarios. Stiffness changes are successfully identified, even for small affected regions, relatively poor profiles, high vehicle speeds and significant noise. The latter is due to the ability of EEMD to separate high frequency components associated to sudden stiffness changes from other frequency components associated to the vehicle–bridge interaction system.
Funding Details: University College Dublin
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright (published version): 2015 Elsevier
Keywords: Ensemble empirical mode decomposition;Damage detection;Moving load;Bridge accelerations;Non-linear response
DOI: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2015.05.027
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering Research Collection

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