Effect of vehicle velocity on exciting the lateral dynamic response of two-span integral bridges

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Title: Effect of vehicle velocity on exciting the lateral dynamic response of two-span integral bridges
Authors: Prendergast, Luke J.
Gavin, Kenneth
Hester, David
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/7809
Date: 30-Aug-2016
Abstract: Vibration-based Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is an area of ongoing research and has received much attention from researchers in recent years. Online damage detection methods for bridges rely on placing sensors on the structure to detect anomalies in measured parameters such as acceleration, frequency or displacement among others. Changes in these parameters can be used to infer the presence of damage such as cracking in bridge beams, foundation scour etc. These methods mostly rely on using the signals arising on a bridge from ambient traffic or environmental loading. For foundation scour detection purposes, the lateral response of a bridge is of particular interest in that this has been shown to be particularly sensitive to the scour phenomenon. Vehicle-Bridge Interaction (VBI) effects can have a significant influence on the condition of output vibrations from a bridge element. In this paper, the effect of vehicle travelling velocity on the lateral response of a typical highway two-span integral bridge is investigated. It is shown that depending on the velocity of the vehicle relative to the oscillatory period of the bridge it traverses, the bridge's dynamic response is either amplified or diminished by varying degrees.This phenomenon could influence the accuracy of a particular damage detection method relying on output system vibrations to infer damage.
Type of material: Conference Publication
Publisher: Civil Engineering Research Association of Ireland
Keywords: Bridge dynamics;Damage detection;Vibration;SHM
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Conference Details: Civil Engineering Research in Ireland (CERI) 2016, NUI Galway, Ireland, 29-30 August 2016
Appears in Collections:Critical Infrastructure Group Research Collection
Civil Engineering Research Collection

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