Expressive language and prosocial behaviour in early childhood: Longitudinal associations in the UK Millennium Cohort Study

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Title: Expressive language and prosocial behaviour in early childhood: Longitudinal associations in the UK Millennium Cohort Study
Authors: Girard, Lisa-Christine‎
Pingault, Jean-Baptiste
Doyle, Orla
Falissard, Bruno
Tremblay, Richard Ernest
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Date: 29-Jul-2016
Abstract: Background: Early childhood is a crucial period for language development and building social skills. While distinct, these two processes may impact upon each other. Aims: The current study aimed to identify the directional associations between expressive language ability and prosocial behaviour between three and five years of age. Methods: Participants included 14, 004 children and their families enrolled in the UK Millennium Cohort Study (MCS). Children’s expressive language and prosocial behaviour were assessed at three and five years of age utilizing standardized assessments and parent reports. Cross-lagged models were used for data analysis. Results: Better expressive language at three years was associated with increased prosocial behaviour by five years. No support for the inverse direction of association was found. Conclusions: Children’s early ability to effectively express themselves with others may help in building better social relationships by entry into formal schooling. Programming efforts that are tailored towards enhancing positive behavioural growth and social skills in the toddler years are likely to be effective when expressive language is also a targeted component of the toddler’s skill development.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Copyright (published version): 2016 Informa UK Limited
Keywords: Prosocial behaviourExpressive language abilityMillennium Cohort StudyEarly childhood
DOI: 10.1080/17405629.2016.1215300
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Geary Institute Research Collection
Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science Research Collection
Economics Research Collection

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