Analysis and Design of a Multi-Core Oscillator for Ultra-Low Phase Noise

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Title: Analysis and Design of a Multi-Core Oscillator for Ultra-Low Phase Noise
Authors: Ahmadi-Mehr, S. Amir-RezaTohidian, MassoudStaszewski, Robert Bogdan
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Date: 11-Mar-2016
Online since: 2017-04-18T15:01:37Z
Abstract: In this paper, we exploit an idea of coupling multiple oscillators to reduce phase noise (PN) to beyond the limit of what has been practically achievable so far in a bulk CMOS technology. We then apply it to demonstrate for the first time an RF oscillator that meets the most stringent PN requirements of cellular basestation receivers while abiding by the process technology reliability rules. The oscillator is realized in digital 65-nm CMOS as a dualcore LC-tank oscillator based on a high-swing class-C topology. It is tunable within 4.07-4.91 GHz, while drawing 39-59 mA from a 2.15 V power supply. The measured PN is -146.7 dBc/Hz and -163.1 dBc/Hz at 3 MHz and 20 MHz offset, respectively, from a 4.07 GHz carrier, which makes it the lowest reported normalized PN of an integrated CMOS oscillator. Straightforward expressions for PN and interconnect resistance between the cores are derived and verified against circuit simulations and measurements. Analysis and simulations show that the interconnect resistance is not critical even with a 1% mismatch between the cores. This approach can be extended to a higher number of cores and achieve an arbitrary reduction in PN at the cost of the power and area.
Funding Details: European Research Council
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: IEEE
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Volume: 63
Issue: 4
Start page: 529
End page: 539
Copyright (published version): 2016 IEEE
Keywords: LC-tankPhase noiseBasestation (BTS)Class-C oscillatorCoupled oscillatorsFigure of merit (FoM)
DOI: 10.1109/TCSI.2016.2529218
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
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Appears in Collections:Electrical and Electronic Engineering Research Collection

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