Triangulating Surprise: Expectations, Uncertainty, and Making Sense

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Title: Triangulating Surprise: Expectations, Uncertainty, and Making Sense
Authors: Foster, Meadhbh I.Keane, Mark T.Loewenstein, Jeffreyet al.
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Date: 26-Jul-2014
Online since: 2017-05-08T12:29:03Z
Abstract: Surprise is a ubiquitous phenomenon that both draws on cognition and affects cognition, in a number of different ways. For example, in artificial intelligence an agent in a changing and imperfectly-known environment has been argued to need a surprise mechanism to survive. This symposium brings together researchers in education, computer science, cognitive psychology, and business to explore the relationship between surprise and cognition, and how it might be harnessed across domains. We will open with a touchstone challenge: How can surprising information be recruited to promote learning? (Munnich & Ranney) Then we will explore several perspectives on surprise, ranging from violation of expectations created through repetition (Loewenstein) to a focus on the information content of surprising events (Maguire & Maguire), to the apparently conflicting roles surprise may play in judgment (May, Smith-Rodden, & Ash). Our final speakers (Foster & Keane) will synthesize these approaches, and present a broad framework for future research on surprise within the cognitive sciences.
Type of material: Conference Publication
Publisher: Cognitive Science Society and Curran Associates, Inc.
Start page: 70
End page: 71
Keywords: Media analyticsSurpriseSense-makingBelief-revisionPersuasionUnderstanding
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Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Is part of: Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Conference Details: 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Quebec City, Canada, 23-26 July 2014
ISBN: 9781634391160
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Appears in Collections:Computer Science Research Collection
Insight Research Collection

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