Determining the relationship between linear and rotational acceleration and MPS for different magnitudes of classified brain injury risk in ice hockey

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Title: Determining the relationship between linear and rotational acceleration and MPS for different magnitudes of classified brain injury risk in ice hockey
Authors: Clark, J. Michio
Post, Andrew
Hoshizaki, Thomas Blaine
Gilchrist, M. D.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/8682
Date: 11-Sep-2015
Abstract: Helmets have successfully decreased the incidence of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in ice hockey, yet the incidence of concussions has essentially remained unchanged. Current ice hockey helmet certification standards use peak linear acceleration as the principal measuring helmet performance, however peak linear acceleration may not be an appropriate variable to evaluate risk at all magnitudes of brain injury. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between linear acceleration, rotational acceleration and maximum principal strain (MPS) for different magnitudes of classified brain injury risk in ice hockey. A helmeted and unhelmeted Hybrid III headform were impacted to the side of the head at two sites and at three velocities under conditions representing three common mechanisms of injury. Resulting linear and rotational accelerations were used as input for the University College Dublin Brain Trauma Model (UCDBTM), to calculate MPS in the brain. The resulting MPS magnitudes were used to separate the data into three groups: low risk; concussion; and TBI. The results demonstrate that the relationship between injury metrics in ice hockey impacts is dependent on the magnitude of classified injury risk and the mechanism of injury.
Type of material: Conference Publication
Publisher: International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI)
Keywords: Ice hockeyTraumatic brain injuriesConcussionLow risk impactsImpact biomechanics
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Is part of: 2015 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings
Conference Details: International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury Conference, Lyon, France, 9-11 September 2015
Appears in Collections:Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection

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