Helicopter location and tracking using seismometer recordings

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Title: Helicopter location and tracking using seismometer recordings
Authors: Eibl, Eva P. S.
Lokmer, Ivan
Bean, Christopher J.
Akerlie, Eggert
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/8722
Date: 1-May-2017
Abstract: We use frequency domain methods usually applied to volcanic tremor to analyse ground based seismic recordings of a helicopter. We preclude misinterpretations of tremor sources and show alternative applications of our seismological methods. On a volcano, the seismic source can consist of repeating, closely spaced, small earthquakes. Interestingly, similar signals are generated by helicopters, due to repeating pressure pulses from the rotor blades. In both cases the seismic signals are continuous and referred to as tremor. As frequency gliding is in this case merely caused by the Doppler effect, not a change in the source, we can use its shape to deduce properties of the helicopter and its flight path. We show in this analysis that the number of rotor blades, rotor revolutions per minute (RPM), helicopter speed, flight direction, altitude and location can be deduced from seismometer recordings. Access to GPS determined flight path data from the helicopter offers us a robust way to test our location method.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Journal: Geophysical Journal International
Volume: 209
Issue: 2
Start page: 901
End page: 908
Copyright (published version): 2017 the Authors
Keywords: Acoustic signalAirborne objectDoppler effectFourier analysisFrequency glidingTremor
DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggx048
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Earth Sciences Research Collection

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