Robust Multi-Objective PQ Scheduling for Electric Vehicles in Flexible Unbalanced Distribution Grids
|Title:||Robust Multi-Objective PQ Scheduling for Electric Vehicles in Flexible Unbalanced Distribution Grids||Authors:||Knezović, Katarina; Soroudi, Alireza; Keane, Andrew; Marinelli, Mattia||Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/9107||Date:||9-Nov-2017||Online since:||2017-12-14T09:21:32Z||Abstract:||With increased penetration of distributed energy resources and electric vehicles (EVs),different EV management strategies can be used for mitigating adverse effects and supporting the distribution grid. This paper proposes a robust multi-objective methodology for determining the optimal day-ahead EV charging schedule while complying with unbalanced distribution grid constraints.The proposed methodology considers partially competing objectives of an EV aggregatorand the respective distribution system operator, and applies a fuzzy-based mechanism for obtaining the best compromise solution. The robust formulation effectively considers the errors in the electricity price forecast and its influence on the EV schedule. Moreover, the impact of EV reactive power support on objective values and technical parameters is analysed both when EVs are the only flexible resources and when linked with other demand response programs. The method is tested on a real Danish unbalanced distribution grid with 35% EV penetration to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. It is shown that the proposed formulation guarantees an optimal EV cost as long as the price uncertainties are lower than the aggregator¿s conservativeness degree, and that EV reactive power improves local conditions without significantly affecting the EV cost.||metadata.dc.description.othersponsorship:||ForskEL-programme (Denmark)||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||The Institution of Engineering and Technology||Journal:||IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution||Volume:||11||Issue:||16||Start page:||4031||End page:||4040||Copyright (published version):||2017 The Institution of Engineering and Technology||Keywords:||Electric vehicles; Forecasting theory; Fuzzy set theory; Power distribution economics; Power generation scheduling; Power grids||DOI:||10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.0309||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Electrical and Electronic Engineering Research Collection|
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