The MST/Hippo Pathway and Cell Death:A Non-Canonical Affair

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Title: The MST/Hippo Pathway and Cell Death:A Non-Canonical Affair
Authors: Fallahi, Emma
O'Driscoll, Niamh A.
Matallanas, David
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Date: 17-Jun-2016
Online since: 2018-01-24T15:35:51Z
Abstract: The MST/Hippo signalling pathway was first described over a decade ago in Drosophila melanogaster and the core of the pathway is evolutionary conserved in mammals. The mammalian MST/Hippo pathway regulates organ size, cell proliferation and cell death. In addition, it has been shown to play a central role in the regulation of cellular homeostasis and it is commonly deregulated in human tumours. The delineation of the canonical pathway resembles the behaviour of the Hippo pathway in the fly where the activation of the core kinases of the pathway prevents the proliferative signal mediated by the key effector of the pathway YAP. Nevertheless, several lines of evidence support the idea that the mammalian MST/Hippo pathway has acquired new features during evolution, including different regulators and effectors, crosstalk with other essential signalling pathways involved in cellular homeostasis and the ability to actively trigger cell death. Here we describe the current knowledge of the mechanisms that mediate MST/Hippo dependent cell death, especially apoptosis. We include evidence for the existence of complex signalling networks where the core proteins of the pathway play a central role in controlling the balance between survival and cell death. Finally, we discuss the possible involvement of these signalling networks in several human diseases such as cancer, diabetes and neurodegenerative disorders.
Funding Details: European Commission Horizon 2020
European Commission - Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: MDPI
Journal: Genes
Volume: 7
Issue: 6
Start page: 1
End page: 31
Copyright (published version): 2016 the Authors
Keywords: Hippo pathwaySignalling networkApoptosisDiabetesCancerNeurodegenerative diseaseYAPMST1/2LAST1/2RASSF1A
DOI: 10.3390/genes7060028
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Conway Institute Research Collection
SBI Research Collection
Medicine Research Collection

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