Does Democracy Guarantee (De)Forestation? An Empirical Analysis

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
IASR.pdf678.29 kBAdobe PDFDownload
Title: Does Democracy Guarantee (De)Forestation? An Empirical Analysis
Authors: Vadlamannati, Krishna ChaitanyaGaarder, Anders Rydning
Permanent link:
Date: 27-Jan-2017
Online since: 2018-02-23T14:18:59Z
Abstract: It is a commonly held view that democracy is better at safeguarding environment while autocracy is predatory in nature, and is thus insensitive towards environment. However, others argue that democracy leads to environmental degradation. We revisit this contentious relationship between regime type and environment degradation in the context of deforestation. Using panel data on 139 countries during the 1990–2012 period, we find that democracy is associated with lower levels of forest coverage. Although our results appear counter-intuitive, further analyses reveal the positive effect of democracy on forest area coverage is conditional upon the level of economic development. Roughly, at per capita income of about US$8200, the impact of democracy on forest coverage becomes positive. Our results suggest that a democratic government’s priority to tackle environmental problems depends on its level of economic development. These results also highlight the fundamental reason as to why there is a lack of coordinated effort between developing and developed countries in addressing environmental issues.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Sage
Journal: International Area Studies Review
Volume: 20
Issue: 2
Start page: 97
End page: 121
Copyright (published version): 2017 Sage
Keywords: AfforestationDemocracyEconomic development
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Politics and International Relations Research Collection

Show full item record

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
checked on Jul 12, 2020

Download(s) 50

checked on Jul 12, 2020

Google ScholarTM


This item is available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland. No item may be reproduced for commercial purposes. For other possible restrictions on use please refer to the publisher's URL where this is made available, or to notes contained in the item itself. Other terms may apply.