Operational characterisation of neighbourhood heat energy after large-scale building retrofit

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Title: Operational characterisation of neighbourhood heat energy after large-scale building retrofit
Authors: Beagon, Paul
Boland, Fiona
O'Donnell, James T.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/9300
Date: 15-Mar-2018
Abstract: To achieve housing retrofit targets, traditional house-by-house approaches must scale. Neighbourhood retrofit also facilitates community participation. This paper aims to quantitatively characterise the heat energy demand of similar homes in a post-retrofit neighbourhood. The method employs the Modelica AixLib library, dedicated to building performance simulation. A modern semi-detached house is modelled as thermal network. The passive thermal network is calibrated against an equivalent EnergyPlus model. The developed Modelica model then generates time series heat energy demand to meet occupant comfort. This model separates heating for internal space and domestic hot water. Simulation results are gathered for a range of house occupancy profiles, with varying heating schedules and occupant quantities. The calibration results compare the time series of internal house temperature produced by the EnergyPlus and Modelica simulations. Modelica simulations of two heating schedules generate distinct annual demand curves against occupant quantity. As expected in a modern house, domestic hot water accounts for a relatively high proportion of heat energy. Over a year it ranges between 20% and 45% depending on occupant profile. Overall conclusions are threefold. Firstly, occupant profiles of a modern semidetached house increase annual heat energy demand by 77%, and the coincidence of daily peak demand persists across occupant profiles. Furthermore, percentages of domestic hot water demand start from 20% or 24% and plateau at 39% or 45% depending on space heating schedule. A statistical distribution of energy demand by neighbourhood homes is possible. Its curve plot is not perfectly normal, skewing to larger energy demands.
Funding Details: Science Foundation Ireland
Type of material: Conference Publication
Keywords: Building retrofit;Building simulation;Modellica;AixLib library;Neighbourhood scale;Statistical distribution
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Conference Details: Cold Climate HVAC 2018: The 9th International Cold Climate Conference, Kiruna, Sweden, 12-15 March 2018
Appears in Collections:Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection
Energy Institute Research Collection

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