Acute hypoxic exposure and prolyl-hydroxylase inhibition improves synaptic transmission recovery time from a subsequent hypoxic insult in rat hippocampus
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|Title:||Acute hypoxic exposure and prolyl-hydroxylase inhibition improves synaptic transmission recovery time from a subsequent hypoxic insult in rat hippocampus||Authors:||O'Connor, J. J.
Wall, Audrey M.
|Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/9580||Date:||15-Dec-2018||metadata.dc.date.available:||2019-01-07T10:02:28Z||Abstract:||In the CNS short episodes of acute hypoxia can result in a decrease in synaptic transmission which may be fully reversible upon re-oxygenation. Stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) by inhibition of prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD) enzymes has been shown to regulate the cellular response to hypoxia and confer neuroprotection both in vivo and in vitro. Hypoxic preconditioning has become a novel therapeutic target to induce neuroprotection during hypoxic insults. However, there is little understanding of the effects of repeated hypoxic insults or pharmacological PHD inhibition on synaptic signalling. In this study we have assessed the effects of hypoxic exposure and PHD inhibition on synaptic transmission in the rat CA1 hippocampus. Field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) were elicited by stimulation of the Schaffer collatoral pathway. 30 min hypoxia (gas mixture 95% N2/5% CO2) resulted in a significant and fully reversible decrease in fEPSP slope associated with decreases in partial pressures of tissue oxygen. 15-30 min of hypoxia was sufficient to induce stabilization of HIF in hippocampal slices. Exposure to a second hypoxic insult after 60 min resulted in a similar depression of fEPSP slope but with a significantly greater rate of recovery of the fEPSP. Prior single treatment of slices with the PHD inhibitor, dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) also resulted in a significantly greater rate of recovery of fEPSP post hypoxia. These results suggest that hypoxia and ‘pseudohypoxia’ preconditioning may improve the rate of recovery of hippocampal neurons to a subsequent acute hypoxia.||Funding Details:||University College Dublin||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Elsevier||Journal:||Brain Research||Volume:||1701||Start page:||212||End page:||218||Copyright (published version):||2018 Elsevier||Keywords:||Prolyl hydroxylase inhibition; Hypoxia; Hippocampus; CA1 region; Synaptic transmission; Pre-conditioning||DOI:||10.1016/j.brainres.2018.09.018||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Conway Institute Research Collection|
Biomolecular and Biomedical Science Research Collection
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