Achievement in national scholastic examinations and its link with measured cognitive ability among a representative Irish sample

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorO'Connell, Michael-
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-20T11:48:46Z-
dc.date.available2019-03-20T11:48:46Z-
dc.date.copyright2019 the Authoren_US
dc.date.issued2019-03-14-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10197/9636-
dc.description.abstractThe paper examines the relationship between cognitive ability at approximately seventeen years of age and academic achievement in a nationwide set of examinations taken prior to this time. The sample comprised 6,216 children who participated in wave 3 of the Growing Up in Ireland (GUI) longitudinal study. Other variables assessed included gender, personality measures, household income, parental educational achievement, and school attributes. Up to ten variables made a statistically significant contribution in explaining achievement, but cognitive ability was by far the most important, followed by gender. Entering a cognitive ability measure taken in wave 2 of the longitudinal survey (four years previously) instead of wave 3 produced an almost identical outcome in a multiple regression. While boys outperformed girls on the cognitive measure, girls outperformed boys, with a small effect size, in educational achievement; this might be explained by girls’ higher scores on the dimension, ‘conscientiousness’. Household income was only modestly associated with educational achievement.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectIntelligenceen_US
dc.subjectSchool testsen_US
dc.subjectFamily backgrounden_US
dc.subjectGenderen_US
dc.subjectHousehold incomeen_US
dc.titleAchievement in national scholastic examinations and its link with measured cognitive ability among a representative Irish sampleen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.internal.authorcontactothermichael.f.oconnell@ucd.ieen_US
dc.statusNot peer revieweden_US
dc.neeo.contributorO'Connell|Michael|aut|-
dc.date.updated2019-03-14T10:52:56Z-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.grantfulltextopen-
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