Grandparents, Mothers, or Fathers? Why Children of Teen Mothers do Worse in Life

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Title: Grandparents, Mothers, or Fathers? Why Children of Teen Mothers do Worse in Life
Authors: Aizer, Anna
Devereux, Paul J.
Salvanes, Kjell G.
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Date: Mar-2019
Online since: 2019-03-26T11:34:27Z
Abstract: Women who give birth as teens have worse subsequent educational and labor market outcomes than women who have first births at older ages. However, previous research has attributed much of these effects to selection rather than a causal effect of teen childbearing. Despite this, there are still reasons to believe that children of teen mothers may do worse as their mothers may be less mature, have fewer financial resources when the child is young, and may partner with fathers of lower quality. Using Norwegian register data, we compare outcomes of children of sisters who have first births at different ages. Our evidence suggests that the causal effect of being a child of a teen mother is much smaller than that implied by the cross-sectional differences but that there are still significant long-term, adverse consequences, especially for children born to the youngest teen mothers. Unlike previous research, we have information on fathers and find that negative selection of fathers of children born to teen mothers plays an important role in producing inferior child outcomes. These effects are particularly large for mothers from higher socio-economic groups.
Type of material: Working Paper
Publisher: University College Dublin; School of Economics
Start page: 1
End page: 50
Series/Report no.: UCD Centre for Economic Research Working Paper Series 2019; WP2019/08
Copyright (published version): 2019 the Authors
Keywords: Teen pregnancyIntergenerational mobilityFamily fixed effects
Language: en
Status of Item: Not peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Economics Working Papers & Policy Papers

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