Asset Price Keynesianism, Regional Imbalances and the Irish and Spanish Housing Booms and Busts
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|Title:||Asset Price Keynesianism, Regional Imbalances and the Irish and Spanish Housing Booms and Busts||Authors:||Norris, M and Byrne, M||Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/9710||Date:||Jul-2015||Online since:||2019-03-27T10:29:07Z||Abstract:||Ireland and Spain were amongst the European countries which experienced the most severe economic and fiscal problems following the global financial crisis. The proximate causes of these economic crashes have been explored in-depth by researchers and governments, who have highlighted strong parallels between the policy, regulatory and economic factors which underpinned them. In both countries residential property price inflation increased dramatically from the late 1990s driven by increased availability of cheap mortgages but unusually was accompanied by marked growth in new house building. Thus, following the international credit crunch in 2008, a simultaneous contraction in both mortgage credit and house building occurred in Ireland and Spain, which precipitated a marked knock-on decline in the employment, tax revenue and consumer spending which the housing boom had underpinned. This article argues that the Irish and Spanish housing booms and busts are similar not just in terms of scale and proximate causes but also in terms of fundamental causes. In both countries the housing boom/bust cycle was underpinned by a suite of macroeconomic policies which aimed to use asset price growth to underpin rising demand and economic growth, or in other words achieve what Robert Brenner (2006) terms ‘asset-price Keynesianism’. This approach was particularly attractive to the Irish and Spanish governments because it enabled them to resolve historical legacies of industrial underdevelopment and regional imbalances by generating construction jobs in underdeveloped areas. As a result of the latter, local/regional governments in both countries played a key role in facilitating the implementation of this policy.||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Alexandrine Press||Journal:||Built Environment||Volume:||41||Issue:||2||Start page:||205||End page:||221||Copyright (published version):||2015 Alexandrine Press||DOI:||10.2148/benv.41.2.227||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Social Policy, Social Work and Social Justice Research Collection|
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