Maternal Body Mass Index and the prevalence of spontaneous and elective preterm delivery in an Irish obstetric population: a retrospective cohort study

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorVinturache, Angela-
dc.contributor.authorMcKeating, Aoife-
dc.contributor.authorDaly, Niamh-
dc.contributor.authorSheehan, Sharon-
dc.contributor.authorTurner, Michael-
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-04T09:56:27Z-
dc.date.available2019-04-04T09:56:27Z-
dc.date.copyright2017 the Authorsen_US
dc.date.issued2017-10-17-
dc.identifier.citationBMJ Openen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10197/9815-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To estimate the association between maternal body mass index (BMI) and risk of spontaneous preterm delivery (sPTD) and elective preterm delivery (ePTD) in singleton and multiple pregnancies. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Electronic records of all deliveries from 2009 through 2013 in a tertiary university hospital were abstracted for demographic and obstetrical information. Participants: A total of 38 528 deliveries were included. Participants with missing data were excluded from the study. BMI was calculated from the measurement of height and weight at the first prenatal visit and categorised. Sonographic confirmation of gestational age was standard. Outcome measures: Primary outcomes, sPTD and ePTD in singleton and multiple pregnancies, were evaluated by multinomial logistic regression analyses, stratified by parity, controlling for confounding variables. Results: Overall rate of PTD was 5.9%, from which 2.7% were sPTD and 3.2% ePTD. The rate of PTD was 50.4% in multiple pregnancies and 5.0% in singleton pregnancies. The risk of sPTD was increased in obese nulliparas (adjusted OR (aOR) 2.8, 95%CI 1.7 to 4.4) and underweight multiparas (aOR 2.2, 95%CI 1.3 to 3.8). The risk of ePTD was increased in underweight nulliparas (aOR 1.8; 95%CI 1.04 to 3.4) and severely obese multiparas (aOR 1.4, 95%CI 1.02 to 3.8). Severe obesity increased the risk of both sPTD (aOR 1.4; 95%CI 1.01 to 2.1) and ePTD (aOR 1.4; 95%CI 1.1 to 1.8) in singleton pregnancies. Obesity did not influence the rate of either sPTD or ePTD in multiple pregnancies. Conclusion: Maternal obesity is an independent risk factor for PTD in singleton pregnancies but not in multiple pregnancies. Obesity and nulliparity increase the risk of sPTD, whereas obesity and multiparity increase the risk of ePTD.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherBMJen_US
dc.rightsThis is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectPreterm deliveryen_US
dc.subjectBMIen_US
dc.subjectObesityen_US
dc.subjectIrish obstetricsen_US
dc.titleMaternal Body Mass Index and the prevalence of spontaneous and elective preterm delivery in an Irish obstetric population: a retrospective cohort studyen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.internal.authorcontactothermichael.turner@ucd.ieen_US
dc.statusPeer revieweden_US
dc.identifier.volume7en_US
dc.identifier.issue10en_US
dc.identifier.startpage1en_US
dc.identifier.endpage14en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015258-
dc.neeo.contributorVinturache|Angela|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorMcKeating|Aoife|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorDaly|Niamh|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorSheehan|Sharon|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorTurner|Michael|aut|-
dc.internal.rmsid866873121-
dc.date.updated2018-01-09T15:41:39Z-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.grantfulltextopen-
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This item is available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland. No item may be reproduced for commercial purposes. For other possible restrictions on use please refer to the publisher's URL where this is made available, or to notes contained in the item itself. Other terms may apply.