Unravelling biocultural population structure in 4th/3rd century BC Monterenzio Vecchio (Bologna, Italy) through a comparative analysis of strontium isotopes, non-metric dental evidence, and funerary practices.

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Title: Unravelling biocultural population structure in 4th/3rd century BC Monterenzio Vecchio (Bologna, Italy) through a comparative analysis of strontium isotopes, non-metric dental evidence, and funerary practices.
Authors: Sorrentino, Rita
Bortolini, Eugenio
Lugli, Federico
Serrangeli, Maria Cristina
Feeney, Robin N. M.
et al.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/9948
Date: 28-Mar-2018
Online since: 2019-04-15T10:26:56Z
Abstract: The 4th century BC marks the main entrance of Celtic populations in northern Italy. Their arrival has been suggested based on the presence of Celtic customs in Etruscan mortuary contexts, yet up to now few bioarchaeological data have been examined to support or reject the arrival of these newcomers. Here we use strontium isotopes, non-metric dental traits and funerary patterns to unravel the biocultural structure of the necropolis of Monterenzio Vecchio (Bologna, Italy). Subsamples of our total sample of 38 individuals were analyzed based on different criteria characterizing the following analyses: 1) strontium isotope analysis to investigate migratory patterns and provenance; 2) non-metric dental traits to establish biological relationships between Monterenzio Vecchio, 13 Italian Iron age necropolises and three continental and non-continental Celtic necropolises; 3) grave goods which were statistically explored to detect possible patterns of cultural variability. The strontium isotopes results indicate the presence of local and non-local individuals, with some revealing patterns of mobility. The dental morphology reveals an affinity between Monterenzio Vecchio and Iron Age Italian samples. However, when the Monterenzio Vecchio sample is separated by isotopic results into locals and non-locals, the latter share affinity with the sample of non- continental Celts from Yorkshire (UK). Moreover, systematic analyses demonstrate that ethnic background does not retain measurable impact on the distribution of funerary elements. Our results confirm the migration of Celtic populations in Monterenzio as archaeologically hypothesized on the basis of the grave goods, followed by a high degree of cultural admixture between exogenous and endogenous traits. This contribution shows that combining different methods offers a more comprehensive perspective for the exploration of biocultural processes in past and present populations.
Funding Details: European Commission Horizon 2020
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: PLoS
Journal: PLoS ONE
Volume: 13
Issue: 3
Start page: 1
End page: 25
Copyright (published version): 2018 the Authors
Keywords: 4th century BCCeltic populationsMonterenzio Vecchio (Bologna, Italy)Italian Iron age necropolisesNon-continental Celtic necropolises
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193796
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Medicine Research Collection

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