Unravelling biocultural population structure in 4th/3rd century BC Monterenzio Vecchio (Bologna, Italy) through a comparative analysis of strontium isotopes, non-metric dental evidence, and funerary practices.

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSorrentino, Rita-
dc.contributor.authorBortolini, Eugenio-
dc.contributor.authorLugli, Federico-
dc.contributor.authorSerrangeli, Maria Cristina-
dc.contributor.authorFeeney, Robin N. M.-
dc.contributor.authoret al.-
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-15T10:26:56Z-
dc.date.available2019-04-15T10:26:56Z-
dc.date.copyright2018 the Authorsen_US
dc.date.issued2018-03-28-
dc.identifier.citationPLoS ONEen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10197/9948-
dc.description.abstractThe 4th century BC marks the main entrance of Celtic populations in northern Italy. Their arrival has been suggested based on the presence of Celtic customs in Etruscan mortuary contexts, yet up to now few bioarchaeological data have been examined to support or reject the arrival of these newcomers. Here we use strontium isotopes, non-metric dental traits and funerary patterns to unravel the biocultural structure of the necropolis of Monterenzio Vecchio (Bologna, Italy). Subsamples of our total sample of 38 individuals were analyzed based on different criteria characterizing the following analyses: 1) strontium isotope analysis to investigate migratory patterns and provenance; 2) non-metric dental traits to establish biological relationships between Monterenzio Vecchio, 13 Italian Iron age necropolises and three continental and non-continental Celtic necropolises; 3) grave goods which were statistically explored to detect possible patterns of cultural variability. The strontium isotopes results indicate the presence of local and non-local individuals, with some revealing patterns of mobility. The dental morphology reveals an affinity between Monterenzio Vecchio and Iron Age Italian samples. However, when the Monterenzio Vecchio sample is separated by isotopic results into locals and non-locals, the latter share affinity with the sample of non- continental Celts from Yorkshire (UK). Moreover, systematic analyses demonstrate that ethnic background does not retain measurable impact on the distribution of funerary elements. Our results confirm the migration of Celtic populations in Monterenzio as archaeologically hypothesized on the basis of the grave goods, followed by a high degree of cultural admixture between exogenous and endogenous traits. This contribution shows that combining different methods offers a more comprehensive perspective for the exploration of biocultural processes in past and present populations.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Commission Horizon 2020en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherPLoSen_US
dc.subject4th century BCen_US
dc.subjectCeltic populationsen_US
dc.subjectMonterenzio Vecchio (Bologna, Italy)en_US
dc.subjectItalian Iron age necropolisesen_US
dc.subjectNon-continental Celtic necropolisesen_US
dc.titleUnravelling biocultural population structure in 4th/3rd century BC Monterenzio Vecchio (Bologna, Italy) through a comparative analysis of strontium isotopes, non-metric dental evidence, and funerary practices.en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.internal.authorcontactotherrobin.feeney@ucd.ieen_US
dc.statusPeer revieweden_US
dc.identifier.volume13en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.startpage1en_US
dc.identifier.endpage25en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0193796-
dc.neeo.contributorSorrentino|Rita|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorBortolini|Eugenio|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorLugli|Federico|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorSerrangeli|Maria Cristina|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributorFeeney|Robin N. M.|aut|-
dc.neeo.contributoret al.||aut|-
dc.internal.rmsid912067721-
dc.date.updated2018-03-31T10:29:46Z-
dc.identifier.grantid724046-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.grantfulltextopen-
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