Now showing 1 - 10 of 15
  • Publication
    Simplified online coefficients updating for digital predistortion of wideband/multi-band RF power amplifiers
    (IEEE, 2015-12-09) ; ;
    In this paper, a simplified online coefficients updating technique is proposed to realize real-time timing of digital predistortion (DPD) for RF power amplifiers (PAs), particularly focusing on wideband and concurrent multi-band scenarios. It is achieved by equally weighting the memory terms in conventional DPD models that leads to a significant reduction of numerical calculation complexity in the coefficients updating process and thus saves time and power during real system operation. To validate the proposed method, both wideband LTE- A (100 MHz) and concurrent dual-band (20 MHz + 20 MHz) cases have been tested. Experimental results show that the proposed method can achieve excellent performance with significant reduction of system complexity compared to the conventional approaches.
      291Scopus© Citations 2
  • Publication
    A channelized sideband distortion model for suppressing unwanted emission of Q-band millimeter wave transmitters
    In this paper, a channelized sideband distortion model is proposed to suppress the unwanted emission of Q-band millimeter wave (mmWave) transmitters in wideband contiguous carrier aggregation scenarios. By employing this model, the compensating bandwidth or center frequency can be agilely controlled. Experiments were conducted on a 40 GHz mmWave power amplifier to validate this idea. The satisfactory performance proved that the proposed model is a promising candidate for future 5G applications.
      154Scopus© Citations 6
  • Publication
    Pattern Sensing Based Digital Predistortion of RF Power Amplifiers under Dynamical Signal Transmission
    In this paper, a pattern sensing based digital predistortion (DPD) technique for radio frequency (RF) power amplifiers (PAs) under dynamical signal transmission is proposed. Unlike conventional methods where real time re-calibration is required, this approach utilizes a low resolution amplitude-modulation to amplitude-modulation (AM/AM) pattern to sense PA characteristics and then quickly select proper DPD coefficients to linearize the PA. Experimental results show that the proposed method can provide an efficient a nd effective w ay to deal with complex dynamic signal transmission scenarios and maintain very good linearization performance, which is very suitable for future 5G applications.
      119Scopus© Citations 2
  • Publication
    Output-Controllable Partial Inverse Digital Predistortion for RF Power Amplifiers
    In this paper, an output-controllable digital predistortion (DPD) technique is proposed to partially inverse the nonlinear behavior of RF power amplifiers (PAs). Compared to the existing DPD, the proposed method changes the goal that the PA output must be exactly the same as the original input to a new one that the PA output can be arbitrarily controlled according to user's demand. The proposed approach largely expands the capability of DPD and thus provides more flexibility for system designers to effectively use DPD to manipulate the PA output in order to handle more application scenarios and objectively conduct further system optimization. Various application cases have been tested. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach has great potential in future wireless communication system design.
      285Scopus© Citations 10
  • Publication
    OTA-Based Data Acquisition and Signal Separation for Digital Predistortion of Multi-User MIMO Transmitters in 5G
    In this paper, a non-interruptive over-the-air (OTA) data acquisition method is presented to characterize system nonlinearity and calibrate digital predistortion (DPD) in multi-user (MU) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) transmitters with low hardware complexity. Based on a unified system model for fully-digital and hybrid MU-MIMO transmitters, the requirements and difficulties of data acquisition for MU-MIMO DPD are outlined first. A versatile OTA data acquisition technique, featuring a multi-observation forward modelling procedure, is thereby developed to obtain power amplifier (PA) output without interrupting the operation of the MIMO transmitters. By using this method, the output of each PA can be reconstructed instead of directly measuring each PA's output, even when the output signals of PAs are correlated. DPD can therefore be effectively constructed to mitigate the distortion. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach can accurately estimate each PA output and linearize all PAs in the array.
      216Scopus© Citations 4
  • Publication
    Data-Clustering-Assisted Digital Predistortion for 5G Millimeter-Wave Beamforming Transmitters With Multiple Dynamic Configurations
    Motivated by data science, in this article, a data-clustering-assisted digital predistortion (DPD) is proposed to linearize millimeter-wave (mmWave) beamforming transmitters with multiple dynamic configurations. Based on the data analysis, similar transmitter states with different configurations can be clustered, resulting in a significant reduction of linearization states. Model complexity within the cluster can be further reduced by utilizing a penalty factor method. To validate the proposed concept, experiments were carried out on a 16-channel mmWave beamforming transmitter with configurable beam angle, operating frequency, and input power. Total 216 transmitter states can be reduced to 8, 20, and 40 states with unequal optimal model parameters for each state, without losing much performance. The proposed method can be extended to the scenario where a large scale of dynamic states can occur in complex transmitter structures in future wireless systems.
      287Scopus© Citations 7
  • Publication
    A reconfigurable in-band digital predistortion technique for mmWave power amplifiers excited by a signal with 640 MHz modulation bandwidth
    In this paper, a novel in-band digital predistortion (I-DPD) technique with a reconfigurable coefficient pyramid is proposed to linearize a mmWave power amplifier excited by a modulated signal with very large bandwidth, such as 640 MHz. This method can overcome the multiple bandwidth regrowth issue in conventional DPD operation that normally places a burden on the 5G applications. By employing a coefficient pyramid, the proposed method can efficiently select the necessary core functions to build the nonlinear kernels according to the operation modes, which can largely reduce the power consumption and thus increase the system efficiency. Experimental results with 640MHz modulated signal proves that extending the DPD capability into the forthcoming 5G is possible.
      300Scopus© Citations 3
  • Publication
    Digital Compensation for Transmitter Leakage in Non-Contiguous Carrier Aggregation Applications With FPGA Implementation
    In this paper, a generalized dual-basis envelope-dependent sideband (GDES) distortion model structure is proposed to compensate the distortion induced by transmitter leakage in concurrent multi-band transceivers with non-contiguous carrier aggregation. This model has a generalized structure that is constructed via first generating a nonlinear basis function that maps the inputs to the target frequency band where the distortion is to be cancelled, and then multiplying with a second basis function that generates envelope-dependent nonlinearities. By combining these two bases, the model keeps in a relatively compact form that can be flexibly implemented in digital circuits such as field programmable gate array (FPGA). Experimental results demonstrated that excellent suppression performance can be achieved with very low implementation complexity by employing the proposed model.
      501Scopus© Citations 15
  • Publication
    Power Adaptive Digital Predistortion for Wideband RF Power Amplifiers With Dynamic Power Transmission
    (IEEE, 2015-10-05) ; ;
    To reduce power consumption of wireless transmitters, the transmission power level of RF power amplifiers (PAs) may dynamically change according to real-time data traffic. This leads that the existing digital predistortion (DPD) techniques cannot be directly employed because they are mainly suitable for eliminating distortion induced by the PAs operated at a relatively stable condition, e.g., at a constant average power level. To resolve this problem, a power adaptive DPD is proposed in this paper. By accurately modeling the behavior change pattern of the PA with the input power adjustments and embedding it into the DPD model, the proposed DPD system is able to adjust its coefficients to adapt to the behavior variation of the PA induced by the power adjustments without real-time recalibration. A low-complexity online coefficients updating method is also proposed to track the behavior change of the PA caused by other factors, such as bias shifting or temperature variation, during real-time operation. Measurements with a high power LDMOS Doherty PA have been used to validate the proposed approach. Results show that the proposed DPD and its coefficients updating approach can produce excellent performance with very low complexity compared to the conventional approaches.
      328Scopus© Citations 36
  • Publication
    Single-Model Single-Feedback Digital Predistortion for Concurrent Multi-band Wireless Transmitters
    In this paper, a novel single-model single-feedback digital predistortion (DPD) technique is proposed to linearize concurrent multi-band wireless transmitters. By employing carrier relocation and band-limiting functions in digital signal processing, DPD model complexity is significantly reduced and only one narrowband feedback loop is required for data acquisition. In the new system, the linearization bandwidth can be arbitrarily reconfigured, which provides considerable flexibility for DPD system design in wideband concurrent operations. Experimental tests were conducted to validate various cases including a concurrent quad-band scenario that is reported for the first time to date. Excellent performance demonstrates that the proposed approach provides an effective solution for reducing DPD system implementation complexity and cost in both digital and analog domains for future wideband concurrent multi-band transmitters.
      397Scopus© Citations 14