Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Between contact and internal development: Towards a multi-layered explanation for the development of the TMA system in the creoles of Suriname
    (John Benjamins, 2008-08) ;
    This paper proposes a new analysis of the formation of the TMA system of the Surinamese Maroon Creoles based on a wide range of both contemporary and historical sources. The paper first provides a brief synopsis of the socio-historical context in which the Creoles of Suriname emerged and developed, and a broad overview of the TMA systems of those Creoles and of varieties of Gbe. It then discusses four processes that were involved in the emergence of the creole TMA system: substrate influence, internal change from a substrate calque, superstrate influence, and shift of form and category correlated with innovation. The paper then concludes that Creole formation is to be considered as a gradual and multi-layered process (Arends 1993, Bruyn 1995), involving processes of language change that also operate in other so-called normal contact settings (Thomason & Kaufman 1988).
  • Publication
    Grammaire du nengee : Introduction aux langues aluku, ndjuka et pamaka
    (IRD Editions, 2003) ;
    Les populations businenge, ou Noirs Marrons, sont de plus en plus nombreuses et jouent un rôle de plus en plus important dans la société guyanaise. Depuis plusieurs années déjà, le besoin de mieux connaître les langues et les cultures businenge s'exprime de façon pressante, à l'extérieur comme à l'intérieur des communautés. Nous avons cependant essayé de donner quelques clés qui faciliteraient la compréhension du nenge(e). En fait, ce livre est avant tout une base linguistique pour qui veut connaître la grammaire de cette langue, ou encore pour les enseignants qui souhaitent en savoir plus sur la langue de leurs élèves. Les différentes parties de la langue sont décrites de façon précise, même si nous ne prétendons pas en 200 pages décrire toutes les formes de variation qui peuvent exister. --- The Bushinengue (or Maroon) people are steadily increasing in numbers and play an ever more important role in Guyanese society. A crucial need to understand Bushinengue languages and cultures has been evident for many years, both from within and from outside these communities. We have thus attempted to provide several keys that will facilitate the comprehension of Nenge(e). This book is above all a foundational linguistic linguistic text for those who want to know the grammar of the language, and indeed for teachers who wish to know more about the language of their own students. The different parts of speech are described precisely, though we do not make any claims to have detailed in a book of 200 pages every possible form of variation that may exist.