Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Buried in the ground? Looking for environmental changes for Serbian Banat Late Bronze Age settlement abandonment
    The abandonment of LBA Serbian Banat settlements between 1250 and 1150 BC raises important questions regarding the factors that may have contributed to that process. New LBA settlements continue to be discovered through satellite images and surveys, which seem to indicate that they were connected in a dense network. These settlements emerged around 1500 BC, in a period that coincides with the abandonment of MBA tells. Varying in size and layout, some of them achieved considerable size, with several being surrounded by ditches and ramparts. Yet something changed around 1200 BC, leading to the settlements’ abandonment for more than 200 years. Were the environmental conditions, that allowed these communities to settle and prosper in this area, no longer favourable? Following what seems to be a similar path to the Terramare culture of the Southern Po Valley (Italy), with the flourishing and decline occurring at similar periods, we look for evidence of environmental changes through sediment deposition analyses that can shed some light into this question.
  • Publication
    Sentinel-2 imagery analyses for archaeological site detection: an application to Late Bronze Age settlements in Serbian Banat, southern Carpathian Basin
    Satellite remote sensing has become a valuable tool in archaeology, allowing the monitoring of existing and discovery of new sites, and to study their surroundings. Using known Late Bronze Age (LBA) settlements in the Serbian Banat region (southern Carpathian Basin) we assessed the capabilities of Sentinel-2 data for the detection of new archaeological sites. A multi-temporal analysis was performed, and the spectral signatures of soil marks from five known LBA settlements were analysed to determine the best conditions for the identification of archaeological features. Several principal component analyses (PCA), band combinations and two vegetation indices were calculated. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI) results from soil marks at known sites demonstrated the impact of settlement characteristics (compositions, subsurface anomalies) on vegetation growth. Applying this further to identify new sites from the satellite data, one hundred and two possible archaeological locations, ranging from only a few hectares to 100 ha, were identified in Banat and Bačka districts of Serbia, to the east and west of the River Tisza. Of the sixty-one possible sites identified in Banat, a sample was visited and their chronology confirmed, proving the enormous capabilities of Sentinel-2 data analyses for site detection.