Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    New evidence of contacts between the Thai-Malay Peninsula, Vietnam, and the Philippines: the ‘Black-and-red’ jars
    (National Cheng Kung University, 2021-11-12) ; ; ; ;
    Earthenware burial containers, also known as burial jars, are ceramics used to place and/or store human remains. They may be used to bury dead persons -whether infants or adults- or as secondary burial urns. Burying deceased in jars is a practice attested across Taiwan and Southeast Asia, and in particular the Philippines, from the Neolithic to the Metal Age period (circa 500 BCE – CE 500). Burial jars are found in various environments and contexts: in open air sites and caves/rock-shelters; within dedicated cemeteries and in areas used for domestic activities. Jar burial practices inter-relate pottery-making traditions and knowledge on the one hand, and customs of specific society on the other hand, which particularly connect to the mental sphere, belief, and cosmology of their culture. This gives jar burial studies a unique position to examine the entanglements of prehistoric Taiwan and the Philippines, as it involves artefacts, mortuary practices and cultural discourse. Some researchers have been focusing on bioarchaeological evidence, others tackled the ways mortuary rituals are expressed, and others have been dedicated to the jars themselves. Although during the Metal Age, some of the sites yielding burial jars from various areas in Taiwan and the Philippines were likely in contact, little large-scale comparative research has been conducted. This conference aims at gathering scholars conducting research on burial jars in Taiwan and the Philippines to facilitate regional comparisons and discuss human behaviors when facing death and taking care of the deceased. The conference should allow to better characterize regional patterns and localized developments.
  • Publication
    Archaeology of Makangit Maliit na Bato Rockshelter in El Nido, Palawan, Philippines
    This paper presents the initial results of the excavation of the Makangit Maliit na Bato (MNB) Rockshelter Site in Brgy. New Ibajay, El Nido, northern Palawan. The majority and nature of recovered materials from this archaeological site (i.e., human bones, earthenware sherds, metals, shell and glass beads) categorize it as a jar burial site during the Metal Periods or around 500 BC to AD 900. Considering the other cultural materials found (i.e., chert flakes, tradeware potsherds), however, could extend the tentative date of the site’s use to the 19th century AD and, on the opposite direction of the spectrum, probably to an earlier period. It is thus possible that the burial site has been used for a longer period of time up to the 19th century and that materials previously thought to characterize the Metal periods were still in use until around the later period.