O'Grady, Michael J.
O'Grady, Michael J.
O'Grady, Michael J.
Now showing 1 - 10 of 72
- PublicationBrowsing the Sensor Web : Pervasive Access for Wide-area Wireless Sensor NetworksWireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are almost exclusively regarded as data gathering entities. Various sensed data elements are captured and routed back to a central server for processing, visualization and interpretation. However, it can be realistically conjectured that scenarios will increasingly emerge that demand a facility for ad-hoc interaction with individual sensor nodes. Moreover, such interaction will occur in the physical environment in close proximity to where the sensor node is physically located. In this paper, the need for in-situ ad-hoc interaction is motivated. A methodology for facilitating such interaction is presented, and the implementation of a sensor browser is described.
- PublicationEmbedding Agents within Ambient Intelligent ApplicationsThis chapter reflects upon the challenges that confront the deployment of Ambient Intelligence (AmI) applications. Ambient Intelligence demands that everyday artefacts be imbued with intelligent reasoning capabilities together with the capacity for collaborative intelligent behaviour. Traditional ambient devices do not provide the requisite computational platform to support such requirements. With the ongoing developments of ubiquitous devices, however, the situation is changing. This chapter discusses a software stack, which supports the needs of ambient applications that incorporate embedded intelligence.
- PublicationMobile intelligence: enabling a new class of context-aware servicesAgent-Oriented Programming (AOP) offers an alternative and radical approach to the development of information systems in various domains. However, one domain that AOP has only minimally affected, at least up until now, is that of mobile computing. Until recently, the use of strong intentional agents in such a domain has been considered impractical, and, indeed, computationally intractable. In this paper, Agent Factory, a system for the fabrication of strong intelligent agents is introduced. In particular, its strategies for realising such agents in the computationally-constrained world of mobile computing are outlined. Finally, two archetypical mobile computing applications, realised through Agent Factory, are described. The first, EasiShop, a ubiquitous commerce (uCommerce) application, enables shoppers to seek out good deals while wandering an arbitrary shopping mall or high street. The second, Gulliver’s Genie, is a mobile context-sensitive tourist guide that focuses on the delivery of personalised multimedia content in a just-in-time basis.
- PublicationSense and sensibility : collaborative & interdisciplinary problem design in PBL initiativesThis paper was conceived in response to an identified need for new PBL practitioners to be able to access a range of sample problems that would help them develop PBL within their own disciplines, particularly when outside of the life sciences. Likewise, a need for new approaches to problem design was also identified. Taking cognisance that problems should be grounded in the ‘real world’, we need to reconceptualise problem design. It is proposed that conceptualising problems as triggers that stimulate knowledge development by harnessing sensory experiences is a way forward. This paper will be of particular interest to new PBL practitioners, teachers in the various disciplines considering PBL and educational developers teaching PBL.
- PublicationExercise in the smart workplaceEmployees that engage in even moderate amounts of exercise during their working day suffer less from stress and are more tolerant in the various irritations that accompany normal working life. Though it cannot be said with certainty that such workers are more productive, tentative evidence suggest that this may well be the case. A useful service of a smart office or work environment is to contribute to the health and well-being of those that inhabit such spaces. One practical approach to this is to monitor the exercise that employees engage in during the day, and using this as a basis, motivate them to engage in further physical activity. In this paper, issues relating to monitoring employee physical activity are explored.
- PublicationImplicit interaction : a modality for ambient exercise monitoringAmbient Exercise refers to the implicit exercise that people undertake in the course of their everyday duties - a simple example being climbing stairs. Increasing awareness of the potential health benefits of such activities may well contribute to an increase in a person’s well-being. Initially, it is necessary to monitor and quantify such exercise so that personalized fitness plans may be constructed. In this paper, the implicit interaction modality is harnessed to enable the capturing of ambient exercise activity thereby facilitating its subsequent quantification and interpretation. The novelty of the solution proposed lies in its ubiquity and transparency.
- PublicationTowards Holistic Activity Modeling and Behavioral AnalysesAs the age profile of many societies continues to increase, supporting health, both mental and physical, is of increasing importance if independent living is to be maintained. Sensing and, ultimately, recognizing activities of daily living has been perceived as a prerequisite for detecting tasks that people avoid or find increasingly difficult to perform, as well as being indicators of certain illnesses. To date, extensive research efforts have been made on activity monitoring, recognition and assistance in indoor scenarios, frequently through smart home initiatives. However, the scenarios outside of the home have not received a similar degree of attention from the research community. This paper advocates a need for platforms that enable activity recognition in a range of environments, thus enabling the construction of more complex yet realistic activity models and behavior patterns. The design of a prototype supporting an integrated approach to sensor data capture and activity model construction is proposed. The application domain is that of dementia.
- PublicationIntelligent agile agents: active enablers for ambient intellgenceThis paper advocates the use of mobile intentional agents as a key enabler in the delivery of ambient intelligence. Ambient computing as an ideal demands levels of functional attainment that have hithertofar not been realised. Ambient applications demand that the computing application be subsumed into the everyday context in an unobtrusive manner with interaction modalities such that they are natural, simple and appropriate to both the individual user and their associated context.
- PublicationImplicit interaction : a prerequisite for practical AmIIntelligent User Interfaces represent one of the three distinguishing characteristics of AmI environments. Such interfaces are envisaged as mediating between the services available in an arbitrary physical environment and its inhabitants. To be effective, such interfaces must operate in both proactive and passive contexts, implicitly and explicitly anticipating and responding to user requests. In either case, an awareness of the prevailing situation is essential – a process that demands a judicious combination of data and decision fusion, as well as collaborative and centralized decision making. Given the constraints of AmI environments realizing a distributed lightweight computational infrastructure augmented with a need to address user needs in a timely manner poses significant challenges. In this paper, various issues essential to enabling seamless, intuitive and instinctive interaction in AmI environments are explored.