Now showing 1 - 10 of 11
  • Publication
    School children and sport in Ireland
    (Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), 2005-10) ; ;
  • Publication
    Family size as a social leveller for children in the second demographic transition
    (University College Dublin. Geary Institute, 2014-10)
    Steep socio-economic gradients in family size were a major source of disparities for children in the early 20th century and prompted much social research and public commentary. By the 1960s, a scholarly consensus was emerging that SES differentials in women’s fertility in western countries were tending to narrow but developments since then have received limited attention and a children’s perspective relating to the distinct question of sibling numbers (or 'sibsize') has been lacking. Drawing mainly on data from the United States but with some comparative information for other western countries, this paper finds that a sharp reduction in social disparities in sibsize occurred in the final third of the twentieth century and acted as an important (though in the US case, incomplete) social leveller for children. This development is significant as a counter to other aspects of sociodemographic change in the same period which have been found to widen social inequalities for children. A key implication is that until we pay closer attention to sibsize patterns, our picture of how socio-demographic change has affected social inequalities among children in recent decades may be both incomplete and unduly negative.
  • Publication
    Family Patterns and Social Inequality among Children in the United States 1940-2012: A Re-assessment
    (University College Dublin. Geary Institute, 2015-12-08)
    This paper points to a sibsize revolution that occurred among children in lower status families in the United States in the closing decades of the twentieth century. It interprets that revolution as a source of social convergence in children’s family contexts that ran counter to trends towards social divergence caused by change in family structure and has implications for how we understand the impact of family change on social inequality. Using micro-data from the Census of Population and Current Population Survey, the paper presents new estimates of differentials in sibsize and family structure by race and maternal education in the United States for the period 1940-2012. The estimates suggest that as the share of lower status children living in mother-headed families rose in the 1970s and 1980s, their average sibsize declined. The paper discusses some substantive and methodological challenges for existing scholarship arising from these cross-cutting movements and points to questions for future research.
  • Publication
    Combating social disadvantage in social housing estates: the policy implications of a ten year follow up study
    (Combat Poverty Agency/Department of Social Protection, 2011-06) ; ; ;
    This paper presents a policy-focused report on the research project 'Progress and Problems in Social Housing Estates: A ten-year follow-up study'. The project was carried out between late 2007 and early 2009 in seven local authority housing estates in Ireland and took the form of a follow-up to a study of the same estates which had been carried out in the period 1997-1999. The seven estates examined in the study are: Fatima Mansions and Finglas South in Dublin City; Fettercairn, Tallaght, in South County Dublin; Deanrock estate in Togher, Cork City; Moyross in Limerick City; Muirhevnamor in Dundalk and Cranmore in Sligo town
  • Publication
    Family Relationships and Family Well-Being : A Study of the Families of Nine Year-Olds in Ireland
    (University College Dublin and the Family Support Agency, 2012-12) ; ;
    This study is based on the first wave of data on the child cohort (nine year-olds) in the Growing Up in Ireland (GUI) survey. It examines family relationships and their associations with parent and child well-being in the families of the nine year-olds and explores social inequalities in these aspects of family circumstances. The analysis is presented under five headings: the structure of families (a term which encompasses family structure both currently and over time and also includes family size), relationship quality between parents, the individual well-being of parents, relationship quality between parents and children, and the well-being of children.
  • Publication
    Family figures: family dynamics and family types in Ireland, 1986-2006
    (Economic and Social Research Institute and the Family Support Agency, 2010-02-22) ; ;
    This study examines family patterns and trends in Ireland over the twenty years from 1986 to 2006. Its primary objective is to use the available data and various quantitative techniques to elucidate trends in family structures and to explore what might lie behind them.
  • Publication
    Social and economic value of sport in Ireland
    (Economic and Social Research Institute, 2005) ;
  • Publication
  • Publication
    Households and family structures in Ireland: a detailed statistical analysis of census 2006
    (Economic and Social Research Institute and the Family Support Agency, 2011-12-12) ;
    This is the second of two reports on the structure of families in Ireland based primarily on a detailed analysis of census data. Both reports uncover new findings on evolving family structures and aim to shed light on the various driving forces behind that evolution. The first report (Lunn, Fahey and Hannan, 2009) was mainly based on an analysis of individual records within Census 2006. The present report offers a more complete household‐level analysis which permits issues to be examined that were previously beyond quantitative investigation.
  • Publication
    Housing expenditures and income poverty in EU countries
    (Cambridge University Press, 2004-07) ; ;
    Previous research has suggested that hidden income arising from home ownership has important consequences for poverty measurement as it tends to favour certain low income groups, especially the elderly, and to have a moderating effect on poverty rates in countries with high levels of home ownership. This article explores both methodological and substantive aspects of this issue using data for 14 EU countries drawn from the European Community Household Panel Survey 1996. Methodologically, in the absence of data needed to estimate hidden income from housing directly, it explores the validity of using a housing expenditures approach to take account of the income effects of housing in a poverty measurement context. Substantively, it examines whether poverty measured in this way in the 14 countries in the data set differs in expected directions from poverty as conventionally measured. The substantive effects are found to be modest overall and to conform only partially to expectations. Certain methodological problems raise a question mark over these findings, such as variation across countries in the degree to which mortgage payments capture the cost of house purchase for home owners. The article concludes that the distributive effects of housing are important for poverty measurement but need to be better understood within each country before attempting cross-country analysis.
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