Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    Ultrafast IR spectroscopy of polymeric cytosine nucleic acids reveal the long-lived species is due to a localised state
    The decay pathways of UV-excited cytosine polymers are investigated using picosecond time-resolved infrared spectroscopy. Similar yields of a non-emissive (1)nÏ * state are found in the single-stranded dC(30) polymer as in the dCMP monomer, but with a longer lifetime in the polymer (80 ps vs. 39 ps). A longer lifetime is also found in the d(CpC) dinucleotide. No evidence of excimer states is observed, suggesting that localised (1)nÏ * excited states are the most significant intermediates present on the picosecond timescale.
      400Scopus© Citations 13
  • Publication
    Spectro-electrochemical Studies on [Ru(TAP)2 (dppz)]2+ - Insights into the Mechanism of its Photosensitized Oxidation of Oligonucleotides
    (American Chemical Society, 2019-01-07) ; ; ;
    [Ru(TAP) 2 (dppz)] 2+ (TAP = 1,4,5,8-tetraazaphenanthrene; dppz = dipyrido[3,2-a:2′,3′-c]phenazine) is known to photo-oxidize guanine in DNA. Whether this oxidation proceeds by direct photoelectron transfer or by proton-coupled electron transfer is still unknown. To help distinguish between these mechanisms, spectro-electrochemical experiments have been carried out with [Ru(TAP) 2 (dppz)] 2+ in acetonitrile. The UV-vis and mid-IR spectra obtained for the one-electron reduced product were compared to those obtained by picosecond transient absorption and time-resolved infrared experiments of [Ru(TAP) 2 (dppz)] 2+ bound to guanine-containing DNA. An interesting feature of the singly reduced species is an electronic transition in the near-IR region (with λ max at 1970 and 2820 nm). Density functional and time-dependent density functional theory simulations of the vibrational and electronic spectra of [Ru(TAP) 2 (dppz)] 2+ , the reduced complex [Ru(TAP) 2 (dppz)] + , and four isomers of [Ru(TAP)(TAPH)(dppz)] 2+ (a possible product of proton-coupled electron transfer) were performed. Significantly, these predict absorption bands at λ > 1900 nm (attributed to a ligand-to-metal charge-transfer transition) for [Ru(TAP) 2 (dppz)] + but not for [Ru(TAP)(TAPH)(dppz)] 2+ . Both the UV-vis and mid-IR difference absorption spectra of the electrochemically generated singly reduced species [Ru(TAP) 2 (dppz)] + agree well with the transient absorption and time-resolved infrared spectra previously determined for the transient species formed by photoexcitation of [Ru(TAP) 2 (dppz)] 2+ intercalated in guanine-containing DNA. This suggests that the photochemical process in DNA proceeds by photoelectron transfer and not by a proton-coupled electron transfer process involving formation of [Ru(TAP)(TAPH)(dppz)] 2+ , as is proposed for the reaction with 5′-guanosine monophosphate. Additional infrared spectro-electrochemical measurements and density functional calculations have also been carried out on the free TAP ligand. These show that the TAP radical anion in acetonitrile also exhibits strong broad near-IR electronic absorption (λ max at 1750 and 2360 nm).
      224Scopus© Citations 10
  • Publication
    Photophysical studies of CdTe quantum dots in the presence of a zinc cationic porphyrin
    The photophysical properties of 2.3 nm thioglycolic acid (TGA) coated CdTe quantum dots (QDs) prepared by a reflux method have been studied in the presence of cationic meso-tetrakis(4-N-methylpyridyl) zinc porphyrin (ZnTMPyP4). Addition of the CdTe QDs to the porphyrin in H2O results in a marked red-shift and hypochromism in the porphyrin absorption spectrum, indicative of a non-covalent binding interaction with the QD surface. Only low equivalents of the quantum dot were required for complete quenching of the porphyrin fluorescence revealing that one quantum dot may quench more than one porphyrin. Similarly addition of porphyrin to the quantum dot provided evidence for very efficient quenching of the CdTe photoluminescence, suggesting the formation of CdTe'porphyrin aggregates. Definitive evidence for such aggregates was gathered using small angle X-ray spectroscopy (SAXS). Ultrafast transient absorption data are consistent with very rapid photoinduced electron transfer (1.3 ps) and the resultant formation of a long-lived porphyrin species.
      601Scopus© Citations 26
  • Publication
    A comparative picosecond transient infrared study of 1-methylcytosine and 5'-dCMP that sheds further light on the excited states of cytosine derivatives
    The role of N1-substitution in controlling the deactivation processes in photoexcited cytosine derivatives has been explored using picosecond time-resolved IR spectroscopy. The simplest N1-substituted derivative, 1-methylcytosine, exhibits relaxation dynamics similar to the cytosine nucleobase and distinct from the biologically relevant nucleotide and nucleoside analogues, which have longer-lived excited-state intermediates. It is suggested that this is the case because the sugar group either facilitates access to the long-lived (1)n(O)Ï * state or retards its crossover to the ground state.
      486Scopus© Citations 47