Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    Determining the Importance of Self-Evaluation on the Goal-Performance Effect in Goal Setting: Primary Findings
    (Canadian Psychological Association, 2015-04) ; ;
    Although goal-setting theory is among the most studied theories in organizational behavior and work motivation, the underlying motivations that drive the goal-performance effect have received less attention. The authors examined the role of self-evaluation in generating the goal-performance effect via blind testing in a laboratory experiment, in which participants (N = 405) performed an idea generation task under conditions eliminating the potential for external-evaluation. Designed to replicate and extend the work of Harkins, White, and Utman (2000), the results indicate that self-evaluation plays a role in generating the goal-performance effect, and that the pursuit of self-knowledge as well as self-validation plays a role in motivating self-evaluation. These findings support hypotheses that are consistent with goal setting theory and social comparison theory, and are contrary to Harkins et al. (2000). Implications for theory boundaries and work motivation are discussed.
      1681Scopus© Citations 7
  • Publication
    Examining the Formation of Human Capital in Entrepreneurship : A Meta-Analysis of Entrepreneurship Education Outcomes
    Effective human capital formation through the medium of entrepreneurship education and training (EET) is of increasing concern for governments, as EET is growing rapidly across the world. Unfortunately, there is a lack of consistent evidence showing that EET helps to create more or better entrepreneurs. We undertake the first quantitative review of the literature and, in the context of human capital theory, find that there is indeed support for the value of EET. Based on 42 independent samples (N = 16,657), we find a significant relationship between EET and entrepreneurship-related human capital assets (rw = .217) and entrepreneurship outcomes (rw = .159). The relationship between EET and entrepreneurship outcomes is stronger for academic-focused EET interventions (rw = .238) than for training-focused EET interventions (rw = .151). We find evidence of heterogeneity in many of our correlations, and recommend that future studies examine potential moderators to more clearly delineate EET effect sizes. We also find a number of methodological weaknesses among the studies analyzed and that those studies with lower methodological rigor are overstating the effect of EET. Recommendations to improve the quality of future work in the field are provided.
      11384Scopus© Citations 879
  • Publication
    Toward rigour & parsimony: a primary validation of Kolvereid's (1996) entrepreneurial attitudes scales
    (Taylor and Francis, 2016-05-18) ; ; ;
    Questioning the validity of scholarly work is not a typical path to publication in the management field. However, although considerable scholarship assesses entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions models of behaviour, methodological weaknesses in scale development have hampered scholars' ability to rigorously interpret and build upon their research findings. We review 20 years of research and discover that the pioneer measure of entrepreneurial attitudes as a predictor of self-employment intentions, has yet to be empirically validated. We show that construct and measurement differences, one-off modifications to existing scales and a lack of adequate justification may partially explain why studies in the entrepreneurship education domain have produced inconsistent results. We address this limitation by performing factor analytic techniques on data from two sets of English-speaking university students from two North American countries. The result is a more parsimonious and streamlined 'mini-Kolvereid' scale. We further demonstrate that this scale is an effective predictor of entrepreneurial intentions.
      121Scopus© Citations 22