Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Special Economic Zones and Local Economic Activities in Ethiopia
    (University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2023-05)
    Do Special Economic Zones (SEZs) increase local economic activities in developing countries? This paper explores this question by examining the aggregate district economic effects of SEZs, a place-based development policy in Ethiopia. The study relies on time and district variation in the establishment of SEZs to evaluate the within-district changes in nighttime light, a proxy for district economic activities. The Difference-in-Difference estimates show an increase in the average nighttime light of SEZs districts after the SEZs became operational. The effect varies with the SEZs type. SEZs with bigger land sizes and SEZs that operate in sectors other than textiles, garment and the leather industry tend to generate more economic activities in the SEZs districts. The impact is also positive and significant for publicly managed SEZs relative to privately managed SEZs. The study further explores whether SEZs generate spillover effects on the economic activities of districts bordering the SEZs districts. Overall, there is no consistent evidence that the policy has any significant effect on the economic activities of the SEZs commuting districts.
  • Publication
    Place-based Policies and Household Wealth in Africa
    (University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2024-02) ; ;
    This paper provides empirical evidence on the impact of a prominent placebased policy - Special Economic Zones (SEZs) - on the economic well-being of African households. We compile a novel dataset on repeated cross-sections of households living in various distance bands around SEZs in 10 African countries over the period of 1990 to 2020. Exploiting time variation in SEZ establishment, the estimation yields that households in the vicinity of SEZs become significantly wealthier compared to the national average after SEZs are established. The effect is most pronounced for households within 10 km and decays rapidly with distance. We show that this result is not driven by the residential sorting of wealthier households in SEZ neighbourhoods. The rise in wealth is strongest towards the middle of the wealth distribution and goes hand in hand with increased access to household utilities, higher consumption of durable goods, higher levels of education, and a shift away from agricultural activities - patterns that we interpret as indicative of an urbanization trend and the strengthening of the middle class.