Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    Simultaneous Uplink/Downlink Transmission Using Full-Duplex Single-RF MIMO
    In this letter, we introduce a full-duplex protocol for simultaneous transmission between the uplink and the downlink of cellular networks. The protocol takes advantage of the inactive antenna(s) in multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems with a single active radio frequency (RF) front-end. More precisely, for the downlink transmissions, we make use of spatial modulation (SM), and for the uplink, we make use of the coordinate-interleaved orthogonal design (CIOD)-based space-time block code (STBC). We provide accurate mathematical expressions for evaluating the error-performances and the achievable diversity order at the base station (BS) and at the mobile terminal (MT) in the presence of self-interference. Our results demonstrate clearly the potential of SM and CIOD for full-duplex operation.
      302Scopus© Citations 11
  • Publication
    On the Performance of Spatial Modulation MIMO for Full-Duplex Relay Networks
    In this paper, we investigate, for the first time, the performance of a full-duplex (FD) relaying protocol, where a single-RF spatial modulation (SM) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system is employed at the relay node. We refer to this protocol as SM-aided FD relaying (SM-FDR). At the destination, a demodulator that takes advantage of the direct connectivity between the source and destination is developed in order to maximize its performance. Based on this demodulator, we introduce a mathematical framework for computing the average error-probability of SM-FDR in the presence of residual self-interference (SI). Furthermore, we derive mathematical expressions for computing the achievable rate of SM-FDR. With the aid of these achievable rate expressions, we provide an estimate on the quality of SI cancellation required for the suitability of FD transmission. In addition, we develop and evaluate three relay selection policies specifically designed for the SM-FDR protocol. The mathematical analysis is substantiated with the aid of extensive Monte Carlo simulations. Finally, we also assess the performance of SM-FDR against traditional FD relaying protocols.
      375Scopus© Citations 34
  • Publication
    A Virtual Full Duplex Distributed Spatial Modulation Technique for Relay Networks
    Spatial modulation, a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technology which uses the antenna index to transmit part of the incoming data, is an attractive way to reduce the energy cost and transceiver complexity in future wireless networks. In particular, the recently proposed technique of distributed spatial modulation (DSM) for relay networks can lead to better spectral efficiency, as it allows the relays to transmit their own data while simultaneously relaying the data of the source. A new distributed spatial modulation protocol is introduced in this paper which achieves virtual full duplex (VFD) communication. In this protocol, the source and relays transmit their own data in every time slot; thus, the spectral efficiency is significantly improved compared to conventional DSM. Simulation results indicate that at high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), the proposed protocol has similar bit error rate (BER) performance versus SNR-per-bit compared to the standard full duplex relaying protocol of successive relaying; however, in contrast to successive relaying, the relays are simultaneously transmitting their own data, which is received at the destination with an error rate similar to that of the source's data.
      354Scopus© Citations 5
  • Publication
    Wireless-Powered Distributed Spatial Modulation With Energy Recycling and Finite-Energy Storage
    The distributed spatial modulation (DSM) protocol, which allows relays to forward the source's data while simultaneously allowing the relays to transmit their own data, has been proposed by Narayanan et al. In this paper, we introduce two new protocols for enabling the DSM, consisting of single-antenna network nodes, with simultaneous wireless information and power transfer capability: power splitting-based DSM (PS-DSM) and energy recycling-based DSM (ER-DSM). More specifically, the PS-DSM relies on power splitters at the relay nodes to harvest energy transmitted from the source. On the other hand, the ER-DSM, by exploiting the inactive cooperating relays in DSM-based protocols, recycles part of the transmitted energy in the network, without relying on power splitters or time switches at the relays to harvest energy. This leads to an increase in the average harvested energy at the relays with reduced hardware complexity. Both the PS-DSM and the ER-DSM also retain all the original features of DSM. Due to its particular operating principle and specific advantages, we select the ER-DSM as the candidate for further mathematical analysis. More specifically, by considering a multi-state battery model, we propose an analytical framework based on a Markov chain formulation for modeling the charging/discharging behavior of the batteries at the relay nodes in the ER-DSM. Furthermore, based on the derived Markov chain model, we introduce a mathematical framework for computing the error probability of the ER-DSM, by explicitly taking into account, the effect of finite-sized batteries. The frameworks are substantiated with the aid of Monte Carlo simulations for various system setups.
      439Scopus© Citations 10