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- PublicationStewart and Kincaid, Irish Land Agents in the 1840s(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2002-02)Drawing on a recently-discovered correspondence archive of the 1840s, this article describes activities of the then most important land agency in Ireland, Messrs Stewart and Kincaid. Several of the firm’s clients resided in England. The partners supervised major agricultural improvements. They also implemented programmes of assisted emigration during the great Irish famine. The correspondence yields new insights into economic and social conditions in Ireland during the forties. It undermines popularly-held views of such conditions and suggests need for revision of findings of modern historians. In the late 1980s and early 1990s the author acquired about 30,000 letters written mainly in the 1840s. These pertained to estates throughout Ireland managed by J.R. Stewart and Joseph Kincaid. Their firm, hereafter denoted SK, was then the most important land agency in Ireland. Until the letters became the author’s property, they had not been read since the 1840s. Addressed mainly to the firm’s Dublin office, they were written by landlords, tenants, local agents, clergymen, civil servants, financiers, etc. The author has been researching them since 1994. It is intended to publish details on individual estates in book form. The title proposed is Landlords, tenants, famine: business of an Irish land agency in the 1840s. The first part of the present background article describes the evolution of the Dublin agency over a period of two hundred years. Part II indicates how the firm used family connections, membership of societies and ‘influence’ to generate business. Subsequent discussion is restricted to the famine decade of the 1840s. The third part examines the firm’s administrative structure. Part IV indicates that SK was not only a manager of land. The fifth section outlines aspects of what was happening in the 1840s on some of the estates not considered in detail in the book under preparation. The final section provides a summary of overall conclusions from the larger project from which the present article is drawn.
- PublicationOn the Sherlocks, Jane Coleman and County Kildare in the Eighteen Forties(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2002-03)
- PublicationDistress and benevolence on Gertrude Fitzgerald’s Limerick estate in the 1840s(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2002-04)
- PublicationOn demand and supply side policies in an open economy, 1960-2000
- PublicationSurvey of British economic policy from 1920 to the 1980s : part 1 : from 1920 to circa 1949
- PublicationViscount Frankfort, Sir Charles Burton and County Carlow in the 1840s
- PublicationThe common agricultural policy, smuggling and the two percent levy of 1979(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 1983-11)
- PublicationSurvey of British economic policy from 1920 to the 1980s : part 2 : from 1949 to the 1980s(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 1991-05)
- PublicationOn Ireland's national lottery(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 1991)Ireland's state lottery, established in 1987 and modelled on revenue-raising counterparts in operation in North America since the 1960s, has recently attracted interest in the UK. Although the Irish lottery agent is secretive in important respects, there is enough evidence to show, as in North America, that among socio-economic groups, educational attainment is probably the best predictor of lottery participation, and that the implicit tax in the lottery is quite regressive. The cost/sales ratio of the Irish lottery is inordinately high. Due to discriminatory, yet very loose, legislation, which advocates of such a scheme for the UK might usefully study, the objectives of the Irish state lottery agent are unclear.