Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    Impacts of large amounts of wind power on design and operation of power systems, results of IEA collaboration
    There are a multitude of studies made and ongoing related to cost of wind integration. However, the results are not easy to compare. An international forum for exchange of knowledge of power system impacts of wind power has been formed under the IEA Implementing Agreement on Wind Energy. IEA WIND R&D Task 25 on “Design and Operation of Power Systems with Large Amounts of Wind Power” has produced a state of the art report in October 2007, where the most relevant wind power grid integration studies are analysed especially regarding methodologies and input data. This paper summarises the results from 18 case studies with discussion on the differences in the methodology as well as issues that have been identified to impact the cost of wind integration.
  • Publication
    A flexible power system operations simulation model for assessing wind integration
    With the advent of wind power generation on worldwide power systems, many operators and researchers are analyzing the impacts that higher future amounts may have on system operations. Many of the tools are analyzing longer term impacts on the steady-state operations of power systems and are primarily using cost as a metric. They are also using tools that are often inflexible to accommodating different market designs or operational structures. In this paper a model was developed to mimic operator behavior using a combination of security-constrained unit commitment, security-constrained economic dispatch, and automatic generation control programs. New metrics are used to compare reliability in terms of energy imbalance for different systems or different market and operational structures at very high time resolution. Finally an example application of the tool and results for a test system are shown.
      568Scopus© Citations 28
  • Publication
    Evolution of operating reserve determination in wind power integration studies
    The growth of wind power as an electrical power generation resource has produced great benefits with reductions in emissions and the supply of zero cost fuel. It also has created challenges for the operation of power systems arising from the increased variability and uncertainty it has introduced. A number of studies have been performed over the past decade to analyze the operational impacts that can occur at high penetrations of wind. One of the most crucial impacts is the amount of incremental operating reserves required due to the variability and uncertainty of wind generation. This paper describes different assumptions and methods utilized to calculate the amount of different types of reserves carried, and how these methods have evolved as more studies have been performed.
      1327Scopus© Citations 117
  • Publication
    Studying the variability and uncertainty impacts of variable generation at multiple timescales
    (IEEE, 2012-08) ;
    With increasing levels of variable renewable energy, there is a growing need to study its impacts on power system operation. Variable generation (VG) is variable and uncertain at multiple timescales, and it is important that system operators understand how each of these characteristics impact their systems since each may have different mitigation strategies. To date, many of the studies of VG integration are limited to studying at one time resolution and therefore cannot analyze the variability and uncertainty impacts across multiple timescales. Here we study the variability and uncertainty impacts across multiple operational timescales. A model is used which integrates multiple scheduling sub-models with different update frequencies, time resolutions, and decision horizons. Using metrics that describe reliability and costs with a methodology that describes the sensitivities and tradeoffs of variability and uncertainty impacts separately with respect to the conditions that cause those impacts, case studies are performed which display greater information on expectations of these impacts on future systems with high penetrations of VG.
      893Scopus© Citations 206