Now showing 1 - 10 of 34
  • Publication
    Characterisation of airline networks : a North American and European Comparison
    (Elsevier, 2010-05)
    This paper contrasts the North American and European air transport markets using the extensive Official Airline Guide Databases. The pattern of network development in the two continental regions is examined using data for 1996–2008. The top ten carriers in both regions are analysed closely in terms of network structures and the basic geographical characteristics of these networks are highlighted. In addition, different measures of air transport activity such as seating capacity, and number of movements and of routes are compared. Visualisations of carrier networks are used to highlight the different network strategies operated by low cost and full service carriers. European carrier networks display many significant differences to North American carrier networks. European carriers generally organise their networks around one or two key nodes within the member state in which they are registered and generally do not operate interactive, continental-wide, multiple hub-and-spoke networks as do North American carriers. European and North American low-cost carriers operate much more interconnected networks than full services carriers. Southwest Airlines stands out as operating a particularly highly interconnected network.
    Scopus© Citations 30  854
  • Publication
    US feeder airlines: Industry structure, networks and performance
    (Elsevier, 2018-11)
    This paper examines the US airline industry in terms of the relationships between the three largest full service carriers, American Airlines, Delta Airlines and United Airlines, and the set of regional carriers that are contracted to provide feeder services to them. The evolution of the regional carriers and the full service carriers are compared and recorded and the current industry structure and size is described. The paper uses the full set of Official Airline Guide (OAG) schedules for 2017 to analyse the industry structure and scale, overlap and seasonality in service provision among the groups of carriers and to understand the network organisation and capacity deployment strategy of the largest network carriers in the US market. The analysis provides evidence to explain how the large airlines are improving their cost and financial performance as well as significantly improving their operational efficiency through the achievement of high overall load factors. The sophistication in each airline’s schedule design and service delivery is highlighted.
    Scopus© Citations 14  922
  • Publication
    The Evolution of Airline Partnerships in the U.S. Domestic Market
    (Chaddick Institute for Metropolitan Development, DePaul University, 2018-11-05)
    This paper describes the evolution of the four largest airlines in the U.S. domestic market and focuses on the relationships between the mainline airlines and sets of regional airlines that provide feeder services through contract arrangements. The paper traces the series of mergers occurring over the last 20 years that have resulted in the current industry structures and organization and shows the dominance of the top four carriers directly as well as through their relationships with the main regional airlines. The current structure reflects the impact of different types of contractual arrangements and agreements that have shaped relationships between large numbers of airlines in the domestic U.S. market since deregulation in 1978. The paper sets out the rationale for entering into these agreements, the nature of the relationships and the stages of development of current carrier arrangements. A number of public policy issues are highlighted.
  • Publication
    Comparison of subvention levels for public transport systems in European cities
    (Department of Transport, 2000-04) ; ;
    This is a comparative study of the levels of government subvention in urban public transport in European cities. It was carried out by the Department of Economics in University College Dublin for the Department of Public Enterprise. The report presents the comparative analysis for cities and also provides summary tables by country on public subvention of urban transport systems
  • Publication
    North West Wales - Eastern Ireland airbridge : joining Wales and Ireland in Europe : final report
    This report by the INTERREG-funded project team, at University of Wales at Bangor and University College Dublin, has estimated the likely economic and social impacts, and effect upon regional transport dynamics, including accessibility, of an air link or “Air Bridge” between RAF Valley and Dublin Airport.
  • Publication
    Economic evaluation of the impact of air service on small metropolitan and rural communities : final report
    (United States Department of Transportation. Office of Aviation Analyis, 2000-06-20) ; ;
    The objective of this analysis was to provide an economic evaluation of the impact of air service on small metropolitan and rural communities. The specific goal of the analysis was two-fold: 1) to identify any significant economic structures that are common to small cities, but not common to similar cities without air service; 2) to determine local perceptions of the utility of air service that small cities are receiving. Since many of the communities that fit the study objectives are either unserved or served through the Essential Air Service program, the sample of communities draws heavily from communities that are part of this program.
  • Publication
    Workshop report on European air transport scenarios
    (Commission of the European Union Directorate-General for Transport DG VII-A4, 1998-08) ;
    The aim of this small workshop of invited participants was to consider the prospects for the development of European air transport over the next two decades. It forms part of the air transport component of the EU's 4th Framework Programme's project MINIMISE (Managing Interoperability by Improvements in Transport System Organisation in Europe) and seeks to provide some expert views on how air transport policy at the Union level will need to evolve in order to meet the challenges of achieving optimal interoperability in the medium term. The overall project is multimodal in its orientation but this workshop touches upon other modes only in so far as they are relevant for the development of interoperability in the air transport sector. Interoperability can be defined in terms of reducing excessive impediments to the optimal efficiency with which various providers and users of passenger and freight transport can interact. The aim of the workshop was to provide for a wide ranging discussion, focused around a number of predetermined issues. These issues are -Development of external EU air transport relations -Policy regarding strategic airline alliances -Criteria for awarding subsidies for social based air services -Policy on predatory behaviour by airlines -The development of EU air cargo transport -Charging for the use of EU air transport infrastructure -Criteria for investing in new EU airport capacity. -The creation of improved air traffic management -Integration air transport with other modes The aim is not to come up with a blue print as to how these and other issues may be resolved but rather to consider how the adoption of different policy options within a variety of alternative futures (e.g. a larger EU area, faster or slower economic growth) will impact on EU air transport. The number of futures to be considered is very small, and involved taking just one or two extreme possibilities alongside an 'Expected Future'. The workshop took place at the Bartlett School, University College, London, UK, on 19th December 1997, and involved a small number of invited attendees. This report sets out the workshop’s discussions. Participants were not expected to produce any documentation, the report being written and revised in the light of participant feedback, by MINIMISE members.
  • Publication
    The impact of the great recession on Irish air travel: An intermodal accessibility analysis
    This paper quantifies the changes in accessibility at small area scale arising from the combined effects of dramatic air traffic declines and a greatly expanded motorway network in Ireland during the period of the great recession. The subsequent policy decisions by government are assessed in light of the intermodal accessibility changes identified. The Irish Government engaged in an extensive motorway construction programme throughout the 2000s, greatly increasing the overall length of the inter-urban motorway network. The essential air transport services programme put in place in the 1990s to guarantee a minimum level of air access to disadvantaged regions was significantly reduced at the end of the 2008-2011 period, with only two of the six regional airports continuing to have any form of subsidised public service obligation for the period 2011-2014. In this study, small area datasets are used to measure the net impact of these changes on air transport accessibility in Ireland and the potential spatial inequalities that arise as a result of these changes. An inter-modal accessibility approach is used where the physical characteristics of the road transport network to airports and the network structure characteristics of the air transport system are taken into account to evaluate the levels of air transport accessibility at the small-area district level. Results from the analysis show that the improved surface access to the larger Irish airports (Dublin and Belfast) has enhanced the range of European and global locations directly accessible by air for many communities in Ireland. The net effect of these changes has been to concentrate air traffic at the largest Irish airports.
      545Scopus© Citations 7