Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Long-circulating magnetoliposomes as surrogates for assessing pancreatic tumour permeability and nanoparticle deposition
    Nanocarriers are candidates for cancer chemotherapy delivery, with growing numbers of clinically-approved nano-liposomal formulations such as Doxil® and Onivyde® (liposomal doxorubicin and irinotecan) providing proof-of-concept. However, their complex biodistribution and the varying susceptibility of individual patient tumours to nanoparticle deposition remains a clinical challenge. Here we describe the preparation, characterisation, and biological evaluation of phospholipidic structures containing solid magnetic cores (SMLs) as an MRI-trackable surrogate that could aid in the clinical development and deployment of nano-liposomal formulations. Through the sequential assembly of size-defined iron oxide nanoparticle clusters with a stabilizing anionic phospholipid inner monolayer and an outer monolayer of independently-selectable composition, SMLs can mimic physiologically a wide range of nano-liposomal carrier compositions. In patient-derived xenograft models of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, similar tumour deposition of SML and their nano-liposomal counterparts of identical bilayer composition was observed in vivo, both at the tissue level (fluorescence intensities of 1.5 × 108 ± 1.8 × 107 and 1.2 × 108 ± 6.3 × 107, respectively; ns, 99% confidence interval) and non-invasively using MR imaging. We observed superior capabilities of SML as a surrogate for nano-liposomal formulations as compared to other clinically-approved iron oxide nano-formulations (ferumoxytol). In combination with diagnostic and therapeutic imaging tools, SMLs have high clinical translational potential to predict nano-liposomal drug carrier deposition and could assist in stratifying patients into treatment regimens that promote optimal tumour deposition of nanoparticulate chemotherapy carriers. Statement of significance: Solid magnetoliposomes (SMLs) with compositions resembling that of FDA-approved agents such as Doxil® and Onivyde® offer potential application as non-invasive MRI stratification agents to assess extent of tumour deposition of nano-liposomal therapeutics prior to administration. In animals with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC), SML-PEG exhibited (i) tumour deposition comparable to liposomes of the same composition; (ii) extended circulation times, with continued tumour deposition up to 24 hours post-injection; and (iii) MRI capabilities to determine tumour deposition up to 1 week post-injection, and confirmation of patient-to-patient variation in nanoparticulate deposition in tumours. Hence SMLs with controlled formulation are a step towards non-invasive MRI stratification approaches for patients, enabled by evaluation of the extent of deposition in tumours prior to administration of nano-liposomal therapeutics.
      5Scopus© Citations 4
  • Publication
    Graphene oxide modulates inter-particle interactions in 3D printable soft nanocomposite hydrogels restoring magnetic hyperthermia responses
    Hydrogels loaded with magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles that can be patterned and which controllably induce hyperthermic responses on AC-field stimulation are of interest as functional components of next-generation biomaterials. Formation of nanocomposite hydrogels is known to eliminate any Brownian contribution to hyperthermic response (reducing stimulated heating) while the Néel contribution can also be suppressed by inter-particle dipolar interactions arising from aggregation induced before or during gelation. We describe the ability of graphene oxide (GO) flakes to restore the hyperthermic efficiency of soft printable hydrogels formed using Pluronics F127 and PEGylated magnetic nanoflowers. Here, by varying the amount of GO in mixed nanocomposite suspensions and gels, we demonstrate GO-content dependent recovery of hyperthemic response in gels. This is due to progressively reduced inter-nanoflower interactions mediated by GO, which largely restore the dispersed-state Néel contribution to heating. We suggest that preferential association of GO with the hydrophobic F127 blocks increases the preponderance of cohesive interactions between the hydrophilic blocks and the PEGylated nanoflowers, promoting dispersion of the latter. Finally we demonstrate extrusion-based 3D printing with excellent print fidelity of the magnetically-responsive nanocomposites, for which the inclusion of GO provides significant improvement in the spatially-localized open-coil heating response, rendering the prints viable components for future cell stimulation and delivery applications.
      474Scopus© Citations 10