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- PublicationContextualising the urban legacies of the Easter 1916 Rising on Moore Street (Dublin): Destruction, reconstruction and the politics of planningThis commentary explores the spatialities, and in particular, the urban legacies, of the 1916 Rising from the perspectives of 1916 and 2016. The focus is on Dublin's north inner city and especially O’Connell (formerly Sackville) Street and the adjacent thoroughfares – the epicentre of the 1916 Rising. This commentary is presented as three short papers: the first addresses the immediate post-Rising legacy and explains how and why the O’Connell Street area was speedily reconstructed despite the stringencies of the First World War; the second examines the centennial legacy, recent efforts to preserve the memory of 1916 and their broader socio-spatial impacts; the third reflects on how the seminal historical event of the 1916 Rising has shaped and continues to shape livelihoods, politics and the built form of the city. The commentary concludes by highlighting the value of an inter-disciplinary approach to understanding the evolution of urban spaces and outlines some of the broader implications and lessons for planning, heritage and policy-making.
- PublicationResearch, development and innovation across the European territoriesInvestment in research and innovation is one of three headline indicators identified as an important aspect of an overall growth and jobs strategy within the Smart Growth pillar of the EU2020S. Combined with more efficient use of resources, innovation is conceived as the key mechanism through which the European Union will become increasingly competitive and through which economic recovery will occur. Ahlstrom (2010: 10) argues that “steady economic growth generated through innovation plays a major role in producing increases in per capita income. Small changes in economic growth can yield very large differences in income over time, making firm growth particularly salient to societies”. Research, development and innovation thus has the potential to help deliver on at least some of the smart, inclusive and sustainable goals of the EU2020S. Strong local economies are required to ensure global competitiveness (Territorial Agenda 2020) and the Innovation Union flagship initiative identifies 34 action points to improve the conditions and access to finance for research and innovation in Europe, facilitating the transfer of innovative ideas into products and services that will create growth and jobs (European Commission, 2010a).
- PublicationThe Playful City: A tool to develop more more inclusive, safe and vibrant intergenerational urban communitiesDrawing on the importance of play as a form of learning and engagement (Bento & Dias, 2017), A Playful City set out to reawaken awareness of the beauty and adventure hidden in the banal everyday streetscapes of the city and reimagine them with the surrounding communities as intergenerational playful spaces. Through a people-first approach, both young and old citizens within communities are brought together to articulate how they view their local area, how they would like to see public spaces designed, and to support a sense of community ownership of public space. Harnessing the potential of children and young people as a key resource, working in concert with their own communities and outside stakeholders, is critical to the sustainable development of future cities.
- PublicationThe Territorial Dimensions of EducationFor all citizens to participate fully in society and to improve employability, a basic level of education is required. Education is a key factor in preventing poverty, achieving social inclusion objectives, and in ensuring that Europe can develop a “smart growth” agenda because the growing numbers of knowledge-intensive jobs require higher levels of education and those with low levels of qualification could potentially be significantly excluded (Lennert et al., 2010). The transition towards a more knowledge-intensive economy can only take place with increasing levels of education. Carneiro (2006, p. 98) specifically argues that “education directly affects individual employment and earnings and therefore it contributes to income inequality for a given cross section of individuals”. The EU2020S itself associates high levels of early school leaving with a range of negative impacts on individuals, societies and economies (European Commission, 2011a); improving educational attainment is therefore critical for the develpment of a smart, inclusive and sustainable Europe.
- PublicationIreland’s National Asset Management Agency (NAMA) and the British property market: Disposing of crisisA watershed year for the global economic system, the year 2008 also marked the demise of what had been broadly heralded as the ‘Celtic Tiger’ economic miracle as a triple crisis (financial, fiscal and banking) took hold in Ireland. Through the early 2000’s, much of the ‘growth’ sustained by a speculative property bubble facilitated in part by generous mortgage relief . The easy availability of credit coupled with low interest rates and fiscal incentives for property development, that had long run their course, fuelled the construction boom: in Ireland, at its peak, the number of houses completed was somewhere between 33-50% the number of homes being built in the UK. Whelan has calculated that “the total stock of mortgage loans in Ireland exploded from €16 billion in 2003:Q1 to a peak of €106 billion in 2008:Q3, about 60 percent of that year’s GDP” . A growing dependence on consumption-based taxes, became apparent with property-based taxes accounting for 20% of all Irish tax revenue in 2006. By the late 2000’s, property supply ‘overshot’ what was required, the market stagnated, and credit was closed off. Rather than relying on deposits, banks had engaged in high-risk practices borrowing short from the international money markets to lend to long-term projects, leaving the sector exposed when the global financial crisis and credit crunch hit in 2008. In response, the Irish government in September 2008 issued a blanket guarantee of the Irish domestic banking system in an effort to stem the withdrawal of large deposits and help facilitate capital raising. In early 2009, Anglo-Irish Bank was nationalised and three other banks recapitalised. Nonetheless the scale of their exposure was such that while loans made to property developers remained on their books, domestic banks could not raise funding nor stem capital outflows. In an effort to address the critical uncertainty regarding the banks’ exposure to property related loans, and facilitate the recovery of the sector, the Government announced the establishment of the National Asset Management Agency (NAMA) in an emergency budget in April 2009.
- PublicationThe Centennial Legacy: Equal opportunities to all its citizens?Moore Street in Dublin is best known as the location of the city’s oldest food market. But its location beside the General Post Office meant that it formed part of the stage on which the drama of the 1916 Rising was played out. It is central to the story of Easter Week because the leaders of the 1916 Rising issued their surrender from numbers 14-17 Moore Street. The street has thus assumed significance in national narratives of the Rising and ‘Irish’ identity, and has become a rallying point for campaigners who wish to recognise landmarks and sites associated with the insurrection and Ireland’s eventual independence. However, throughout the 20 th century this had become one of the most neglected parts of the inner city as focus shifted to addressing the housing crisis in the city through suburban developments and the creation of ‘new towns’ on the edge of the city.
- PublicationTeaching for better learning: a blended learning pilot project with first year geography undergraduatesInternationally, recognition is growing that the transition between post-primary and higher education is raising a number of challenges for both students and educators. Simultaneously with growing class sizes, resources have become more constrained and there is a new set of expectations from the “net generation” (Mohanna, 2007, p. 211) The use of e-learning in medical education, Postgraduate Medical Journal, 83, p. 211). Within this transforming context, modes of instruction that cater for different paces of learning and learning styles by combining traditional and electronic media have become increasingly important. This paper discusses the transformation of an introductory human geography module at University College Dublin using a blended learning approach that extends beyond the media used to incorporate all aspects of, and inputs into, the learning process. Our experience highlights how blended learning can aid the achievement of a range of objectives in relation to student engagement and the promotion of deeper learning. However, blended learning is not a quick-fix solution to all issues relating to new university students and our analysis draws out a more complex relationship than anticipated between blended learning and student retention that will require further examination.
Scopus© Citations 45 841
- PublicationThe First-Year Experience: Assessing Expectations and Enhancing RealityThis project aimed to assess student expectations of university on arrival and their experiences during the first year with a view to identifying key issues relating to student engagement and recommending possible enhancements at University College Dublin.
- PublicationThe first semester of university life ; ‘will I be able to manage it at all?’This paper reports on an Irish study examining first year students’ recollections of their concerns, motivations, level of preparedness and perceived skills on entry to university. The study aims to investigate and understand the implications of the attitudes of first year students as they make the transition to university. It also explores students’ behaviour during their initial weeks at university. It is important to understand the anxieties of new students, their views on their abilities and their confidence in managing their new role as these factors will have consequences for their experience as first year university students. These findings are explored with a view to enhancing the quality of support for students during this key transition.
3184Scopus© Citations 45
- PublicationA crisis of crisis management? Evaluating post-2010 housing restructuring in Nanjing, ChinaIn less than 20 years the housing system in China has been transformed from one based predominantly on the public provision of housing to a market-based system, to the extent that more than 80% of households in urban China are homeowners. The sheer scale of this change, compressed into such a short time, is impressive. However, the move to a commodified system has not been problem free. Indeed, the twin issues of displacement and, more generally, affordability are coming increasingly to the fore, resulting in significant policy shifts since 2010 toward the promotion of low-end housing for lower middle- and low-income groups. This article examines these issues through a detailed analysis of the implementation of the indemnificatory housing policy in Nanjing, and highlights the complex and often contradictory nature of this policy in practice.
Scopus© Citations 7 819