Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    UTA versus line emission for EUVL : studies on xenon emission at the NIST EBIT
    Spectra from xenon ions have been recorded at the NIST EBIT and the emission into a 2% bandwidth at 13.5 nm arising from 4d_5p transitions compared with that from 4d_4f and 4p_4d transitions in Xe XI and also with that obtained from the unresolved transition array (UTA) observed to peak just below 11 nm. It was found that an improvement of a factor of five could be gained in photon yield using the UTA rather than the 4d_5p emission. The results are compared with atomic structure calculations and imply that a significant gain in efficiency should be obtained using tin, in which the emission at 13.5 nm comes from a similar UTA, rather than xenon as an EUVL source material.
      342Scopus© Citations 51
  • Publication
    Tungsten spectra recorded at the LHD and comparison with calculations
    We have measured extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectra from highly charged tungsten ions in low-density and high-temperature plasmas produced in the Large Helical Device at the National Institute for Fusion Science. The EUV spectra emitted after injection of a tungsten pellet into a hydrogen plasma were recorded at plasma temperatures of 1.5 and 3 keV and were dominated by an intense transition array in the 4.5–6.5 nm region, the profile and extent of which was different in both spectra. Some discrete lines present were identified by comparison with existing spectral data while atomic structure calculations showed that the dominant emission in both arose from Δn = 0, n = 4–n = 4 transitions and the main differences could be attributed to the appearance of the 4p–4d and 4s–4p transitions from W XXXIX to W XLVI in the higher temperature spectrum. Comparison with calculations showed that the dominant emission in both temperature regimes arose from stages where the 4f subshell was either almost or completely stripped. We also investigated if the effect of low density favours transitions to the lowest level as observed in recently reported results.
      689Scopus© Citations 82